Yield, pomological characteristics, bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of Annona cherimola Mill. Grown in mediterranean climate

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

Abstract

The agronomic and qualitative responses of the cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill.) fruitgrown in Mediterranean climate are not properly studied. Fruits of Fino de Jete, the most diffusedworldwide cultivar of cherimoya, and Torre 1 a new genotype obtained by breeding program inSicily, Italy, were collected at commercial ripening and subjected to productive (yield efficiency,number of fruits, crop load), analytical (fruit weight, transversal diameter, longitudinal diameter,total soluble solid content, titratable acidity, seed weight, seed number, peel and pulp weight,pulp/seed ratio and colorimetric analysis), bioactive compound content (total antioxidant activity,Phenolic and Carotenoid) and sensory evaluations by a semi-trained panel, recorded over twoproductive seasons. Even if the climatic conditions prevailing in Sicily differ from those of mostcherimoya-growing regions, the two observed cultivars generally showed yields and fruit qualitativecharacteristics comparable with those harvested in other Mediterranean and Tropical areas. Fino deJete confirmed its quality standard thanks to its yields performance and fruit weight. Despite of this,Torre 1 showed interesting physico-chemical, sensory properties and bioactive compounds, suitablefor the consumer needs: less number of seeds and better pulp/seed ratio, better total solid solublecontent/tritratable acidity ratio, higher phenolic content and antioxidant activity. These resultssuggest that cherimoya can be cropped for fresh production in Mediterranean environment withpromising yields and good standards of fruit quality.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)592-603
Numero di pagine12
RivistaAIMS Agriculture and Food
Volume4
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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  • ???subjectarea.asjc.1100.1101???

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