Abstract

IntroductionA large body of literature has demonstrated that people affected by psychotic disorders show deficits inworking memory, in Emotion Recognition (ER) and in data-gathering to reach a decision (Jumping ToConclusions - JTC).AimsTo investigate a possible correlation between working memory, JTC and ER in FEP.Methods41 patients and 89 healthy controls completed assessments of working memory using WAIS shortenedversion, JTC using the 60:40 Beads Task and ER using Degraded Facial Affect Recognition Task.ResultsAccording to the literature, cases had poorer performance in working memory tasks (Digit Span: μ7,72[ds=2,98] vs μ10,14 [ds=3,10], U=865,00, p=0,00; Digit Symbol: μ5,36 [ds=2,43] vs μ10,05 [ds=3,10],U=455,50, p=0,00; Arithmetic: μ5,46 [ds=2,76] vs μ8,74 [ds=3,24], U=865,50, p=0,00; Block Design: μ4,82[ds=2,72] vs μ7,60 [ds=3,18], U=912,00, p=0,00), in Beads Task (81,6% vs 51,1%, χ2=10,27, p=0,001,μ2,53 [ds=3,57] vs μ4,23 [ds=4,77], U=1171,00, p=0,006) and in DFAR (total errors: μ21,62 [ds=7,43] vsμ16,58 [ds=8,69], U=554,50, p=0,002). Furthermore working memory tasks in cases group correlatedsignificantly with JTC (Digit Span: rrho=0,276, p=0,003; Digit Symbol: rrho=0,275, p=0,002; Arithmetic:rrho=0,265, p=0,003; Block Design: rrho=0,292, p=0,001), but only Digit Span with ER (rrho=-0,239; p=0,021).In addition, we found that JTC and ER were significantly associated (rrho=-0,281; p=0,004).ConclusionsData show that working memory impairments, JTC style and dysfunctions in the facial emotions recognitionare phenomena strongly correlated in the group of patients. Preliminary results suggest the importance ofearly rehabilitation as the impairments detected may lead to difficulties in social and relational adaptation inpsychotic patients.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Pagine918-918
Numero di pagine1
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2015

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