Wine and Legality: A Survey to Know the Consumer Opinions on the Activities of Sicilian Wine Companies Operating on Lands Confiscated from the Mafia

Risultato della ricerca: Otherpeer review

Abstract

In the European Union, since the mid-90s with the new Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) the termagriculture was joined to that of multifunctionality, as stated in the second pillar of the CAP, because theagricultural sector was placed in front of new challenges, attributing to the development policies of this sector a role of backbone for the economy of all rural areas with low capacity to achieve economic diversification.Actually, with the multifunctionality, the agricultural sector is no longer considered, only, the onewhich produces food goods, but also it has new and different functions, including those of preserving theenvironment and the rural landscape and to support the socio-economic development of rural areas, alsothrough the creation of employment opportunities.In particular, among the different aspects provided by the multifunctional role of agriculture, thesocial function is the one that has spread and established itself more and more, especially in recent yearsin Sicily, where, as social, it means the ability of the farm to generate services to a population consideredat risk of social exclusion.In this regard, all the initiatives for agricultural purposes that are pursued, mainly in the south ofItaly and especially in Sicily, in those lands confiscated from organized crime (the so-called Mafia) arebelieved to be very interesting. In fact, just thanks to the Italian Law n.109/1996 it is permitted toparticular legal entities (cooperatives, associations, non-profit, etc.) the use, with social purposes, of allthe assets and properties confiscated from organized crime, among which there are included also theagricultural lands that, otherwise, would remain inevitably abandoned1. Instead, thanks to the applicationof this Law, these legal entities can exercise an agricultural activity aimed, in addition to food productionregularly put on the market, also to offer employment in the agricultural sector.In this context, in Sicily, is well-known the activity of the social company (cooperative) "PlacidoRizzotto - Libera Terra". It was founded in 2001 within the project "Libera Terra"2, promoted by the"Libera"3 and the Prefect of Palermo and, through a contract of loan for use, it got into management andnow it cultivates over 150 hectares of land confiscated from the Mafia that fall in some municipalities ofthe Province of Palermo. Inspired by the principles of solidarity and legality, the Company Coperativa1 Companies confiscated from organized crime are spread over the whole Italian territory, but with a strong concentration inSicily. The 18% of the confiscated goods are farmland and the 6% of confiscated companies work in the agricultural sectorand in particular in the production of wine (Source: National Agency of seized and confiscated).2 Libera Terra: Free Land3 "Libera. Associations, names and numbers against mafias" is an association of social promotion, recognized by the Ministryof the Interior, devoted to solicit and coordinate the civil society against all mafias and to foster the creation and thedevelopment of a community alternative to the mafia itself . It is a coordination, born in 1995, in order to urge the civilsociety in the fight against the mafia and currently consists of about 1,500 associations, groups, schools, grassroots groups,territorially committed to build synergies political-cultural and organizational able to promote a culture of legality. The lawon the social use of property confiscated from the mafia (L. n.109/96), education for democratic legality, commitmentagainst corruption, mafia training camps, pro
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine0
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2013

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