BACKGROUND It is increasingly acknowledged that not only gender equality, but also gender ideology plays a rolein explaining fertility in advanced societies. In a micro perspective, the potential mismatch betweengender equality (i.e. the actual sharing taking place in a couple) and gender ideology (i.e. genderequality in attitudes, as proxy for gender equity), may drive childbearing decisions. OBJECTIVE This paper assesses the impact of consistency between gender equality in attitudes and equality in the division of household labour on the likelihood of having another child, for different parities. METHODS Relying on two-wave panel data of the Bulgarian, French, Czech, Hungarian and Lithuanian Generations and Gender Surveys, we build a couple typology defined over gender attitudes andhousework sharing.The typology identifies four types of couples: 1) gender unequal attitudes andgender unequal housework sharing; 2) gender equal attitudes and gender unequal housework sharing; 3) gender unequal attitudes and gender equal housework sharing; 4) gender equal attitudes and gender equal housework sharing. The couple types enter into a logistic regression model onchildbirth. RESULTS The impact of the typology varies with parity and gender: taking as reference category the case of gender equal attitudes and gender equal division of housework, the effect of all the other couple types on a new childbirth is strong and negative for the second child and female respondents. CONCLUSIONS The consistency between gender equality in attitudes and the actual equality in housework sharing is only favourable for childbearing as long as there is gender equality in both the dimensions.
|Nome||CARLO ALBERTO NOTEBOOKS|