Wharton’s Jelly Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Support the Expansion of Cord Blood–derived CD34 + Cells Mimicking a Hematopoietic Niche in a Direct Cell–cell Contact Culture System

Eleonora Russo, Rita Anzalone, Giampiero La Rocca, Giusi Alberti, Aldo Gerbino, Melania Lo Iacono, Giampiero La Rocca, Giusi Alberti, Rita Anzalone, Santina Acuto, Aurelio Maggio, Elena Baiamonte, Melania Lo Iacono

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

8 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Wharton’s jelly mesenchymal stromal cells (WJ-MSCs) have been recently exploited as a feeder layer in coculture systems to expand umbilical cord blood–hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (UCB-HSPCs). Here, we investigated the role of WJ-MSCs in supporting ex vivo UCB-HSPC expansion either when cultured in direct contact (DC) with WJ-MSCs or separated by a transwell system or in the presence of WJ-MSC–conditioned medium. We found, in short-term culture, a greater degree of expansion of UCB-CD34 + cells in a DC system (15.7 ± 4.1-fold increase) with respect to the other conditions. Moreover, in DC, we evidenced two different CD34 + cell populations (one floating and one adherent to WJ-MSCs) with different phenotypic and functional characteristics. Both multipotent CD34 + /CD38 − and lineage-committed CD34 + /CD38 + hematopoietic progenitors were expanded in a DC system. The former were significantly more represented in the adherent cell fraction than in the floating one (18.7 ± 11.2% vs. 9.7 ± 7.9% over the total CD34 + cells). Short-term colony forming unit (CFU) assays showed that HSPCs adherent to the stromal layer were able to generate a higher frequency of immature colonies (CFU-granulocyte/macrophage and burst-forming unit erythroid/large colonies) with respect to the floating cells. In the attempt to identify molecules that may play a role in supporting the observed ex vivo HSPC growth, we performed secretome analyses. We found a number of proteins involved in the HSPC homing, self-renewal, and differentiation in all tested conditions. It is important to note that a set of sixteen proteins, which are only in part reported to be expressed in any hematopoietic niche, were exclusively found in the DC system secretome. In conclusion, WJ-MSCs allowed a significant ex vivo expansion of multipotent as well as committed HSPCs. This may be relevant for future clinical applications.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)117-129
Numero di pagine13
RivistaCell Transplantation
Volume27
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Cell Biology
  • Transplantation

Fingerprint Entra nei temi di ricerca di 'Wharton’s Jelly Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Support the Expansion of Cord Blood–derived CD34 + Cells Mimicking a Hematopoietic Niche in a Direct Cell–cell Contact Culture System'. Insieme formano una fingerprint unica.

Cita questo