Volatile components of Centaurea calcitrapa L. and Centaurea sphaerocephala L. ssp. spaerocephala, two Asteraceae growing wild in Sicily

Maurizio Bruno, Sergio Landolfi, Felice Senatore, Sezgin Celik

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Abstract

The volatile components of the flowerheads of Centaurea calcitrapa L. (C.c.) and Centaurea sphaerocephala L. ssp. sphaerocephala (C.s.) were obtained by hydrodistillation and identified by GC and GC-MS. Altogether 96 components were identified, 66 in C. calcitrapa and 68 in C. spaerocephala, mostly fatty acids (32.8%, C.c. and 44.2%, C.s.) and hydrocarbons (32.3%, C.c. and 15.9%, C.s.). 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid (15.8%, C.c.) and hexadecanoic acid (30.7%, C.s.) were the most abundant fatty acids; tricosane (8.0%, C.c.) and heptacosane (4.9%, C.s.) were the main hydrocarbons. Sesquiterpenes were also present as hydrocarbons (10.1% for 14 components in C.c. and 9.2% for 13 components in C.s.) and as oxygen-containing sesquiterpenes (2.0% for four components in C.c. and 13.6% for nine components in C.s.).
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)282-285
Numero di pagine4
RivistaFlavour and Fragrance Journal
Volume21
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2006

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Chemistry(all)

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