The effects of vitamin D3 dietary administration on certain innate immune parameters on the expression of immune-related genes in head-kidney (HK) and gut were investigated in European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax. Vitamin D3 (vD3) was orally administered to fish in a commercial pellet food supplemented with 0 (control); 3750; 18,750; or 37,500 U kg−1. Furthermore, gut histology was considered. This study showed a modulation in the activities examined in fish fed with the addition of vD3. After just 2 weeks of administration, diet supplementation with the vitamin resulted in increased phagocytic ability, while serum peroxidase content was increased in fish fed with all experimental diets after 4 weeks, no significant differences were observed in protease, anti-protease, natural haemolytic complement activities and total IgM level. At gene level, fbl and rbl transcripts were up-regulated in HK in fish fed with the highest concentration of vD3-supplemented diets after 4 weeks, while in the gut, an up-regulation of hep gene was observed in fish fed with the different doses of vD3. These results suggest that vD3 may be of great interest for immunostimulatory purposes in fish farms.
|Numero di pagine||14|
|Rivista||Fish Physiology and Biochemistry|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2017|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aquatic Science
Vazzana, M., Dioguardi, M., Cammarata, M., Esteban, M. Á., Guardiola, Guardiola, F. A., & Cuesta, A. (2017). Vitamin D3 affects innate immune status of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.). Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 43, 1161-1174.