Ventilator-associated pneumonia in patients with covid-19: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Antonino Giarratano, Andrea Cortegiani, Cesare Gregoretti, Cesare Gregoretti, Andrea Cortegiani, Giovanni Misseri, Antonino Giarratano, Claudia Marino, Elisa Consiglio, Giulia Catalisano, Giulia Ingoglia, Mariachiara Ippolito, Marta Maria Alessi

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

36 Citazioni (Scopus)


The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to estimate the pooled occurrence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) among patients admitted to an intensive care unit with COVID-19 and mortality of those who developed VAP. We performed a systematic search on PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science from inception to 2nd March 2021 for nonrandomized studies specifically addressing VAP in adult patients with COVID-19 and reporting data on at least one primary outcome of interest. Random effect single-arm meta-analysis was performed for the occurrence of VAP and mortality (at the longest follow up) and ICU length of stay. Twenty studies were included in the systematic review and meta-analysis, for a total of 2611 patients with at least one episode of VAP. The pooled estimated occurrence of VAP was of 45.4% (95% C.I. 37.8–53.2%; 2611/5593 patients; I2 = 96%). The pooled estimated occurrence of mortality was 42.7% (95% C.I. 34–51.7%; 371/946 patients; I2 = 82%). The estimated summary estimated metric mean ICU LOS was 28.58 days (95% C.I. 21.4–35.8; I2 = 98%). Sensitivity analysis showed that patients with COVID-19 may have a higher risk of developing VAP than patients without COVID-19 (OR 3.24; 95% C.I. 2.2–4.7; P = 0.015; I2 = 67.7%; five studies with a comparison group).
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine19
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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