VARIAZIONE LINGUISTICA: ALCUNE CONSIDERAZIONI SULLA COSTRUZIONE DEL DATO NELL’ATLANTE LINGUISTICO DELLA SICILIA

Risultato della ricerca: Other

Abstract

As the sociolinguistic surveys of the Linguistic Atlas of Sicily started to be carried out, the researchteam obviously planned the sound recording of those parts of the interviews including the testson language proficiency facilitated by stimulating moments of performance of the interviewee.Not so obvious, instead, seemed to be the opportunity to record even the phases in which thebiographical and sociocultural data of the interviewees were collected, or those concerning theirself-evaluation, sociolinguistic behavior, customs and ideological position.However, it is precisely the sound recording of a few moments of negotiation of responses andseveral occasions of “digression” by the interviewee that has allowed to build the documentationwhose interest from the point of view of general sociolinguistic analysis was unexpected. Asmatter of fact it has constitute an essential part of the information base for the theoreticalconsiderations expressed so far, within the sociolinguistic section of ALS, about a linguistics ofspeech and of the speaker, in the so called “speaker based” perspective.The data collected in the atlases, as a whole, may be therefore pregnant with information useful tocapture different aspects of language variation and polymorphism, if we are willing to recalibratethe methodological paths and even the perspectives of analysis themselves along the way. Thisis possible only if an atlas is conceived as a permanent laboratory, open to receive continuouslyand, above all, to give the right place to the widest documentation of communication events. Theatlas enables us to build large speech corpora and an apparatus of tools, not just theoretical ones,which make it accessible and analyzable: from the transcription criteria, adequately thought out,to the determination of mark-up systems for those phenomena recognized as relevant.After more than twenty years since the beginning of the information collection for the preparationof a regional geo-sociolinguistic draft, the desire of the authors is, “simply”, to complete the Atlas.This is not, as it could seem, in contradiction with the concept of a “permanent laboratory”. Tocomplete the atlas would mean to define a useful system where new information could quicklycommunicate with the old one, gradually revitalizing those data which can represent an updateof the status of sociolinguistic trends in a given territory.An “atlas” is made of the data and the maps, and all the possible analysis on the data and onthe maps. However, today an “atlas” is also something more: it is an information system ableto provide data for new answers to old questions and (old and new) data for answers to newquestions.
Lingua originaleItalian
Pagine257-265
Numero di pagine9
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

Cita questo