Van der Waals and resonance interactions between accelerated atoms in vacuum and the Unruh effect

Roberto Passante, Lucia Rizzuto, Margherita Lattuca, Salvatore Spagnolo, Antonio Noto, Wenting Zhou, Jamir Marino, Lucia Rizzuto, Roberto Passante

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

7 Citazioni (Scopus)


We discuss different physical effects related to the uniform acceleration of atoms in vacuum, in the framework of quantum electrodynamics. We first investigate the van der Waals/Casimir-Polder dispersion and resonance interactions between two uniformly accelerated atoms in vacuum. We show that the atomic acceleration significantly affects the van der Waals force, yielding a different scaling of the interaction with the interatomic distance and an explicit time dependence of the interaction energy. We argue how these results could allow for an indirect detection of the Unruh effect through dispersion interactions between atoms. We then consider the resonance interaction between two accelerated atoms, prepared in a correlated Bell-type state, and interacting with the electromagnetic field in the vacuum state, separating vacuum fluctuations and radiation reaction contributions, both in the free-space and in the presence of a perfectly reflecting plate. We show that nonthermal effects of acceleration manifest in the resonance interaction, yielding a change of the distance dependence of the resonance interaction energy. This suggests that the equivalence between temperature and acceleration does not apply to all radiative properties of accelerated atoms. To further explore this aspect, we evaluate the resonance interaction between two atoms in non inertial motion in the coaccelerated (Rindler) frame and show that in this case the assumption of an Unruh temperature for the field is not required for a complete equivalence of locally inertial and coaccelerated points of views.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)012042-1-012042-8
Numero di pagine8
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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