UV And X-Ray Emission from Impacts of Fragmented Accretion Streams on Classical T Tauri Stars

Risultato della ricerca: Otherpeer review

Abstract

According to the magnetoshperic accretion scenario, during their evolution, Classical T Tauri stars accrete material from their circumstellardisk. The accretion process is regulated by the stellar magnetic eld and produces hot and dense post-shocks on the stellar surface as a result of impacts of the downfalling material. The impact regions are expected to strongly radiate in UV and X-rays. Several lines of evidence support the magnetospheric accretion scenario, especially in optical and infrared bands. However several points still remain unclear as, for instance,where the complex-pro le UV lines originate, or whether and how UV and X-ray emission is produced in the same shock region. The analysis of a large solar eruption has shown that EUV excesses might be e ectively produced by the impact of dense fragments onto the stellar surface. Since a steady accretion stream does not reprouce observations, in this work we investigate the e ects of a fragmented accretion stream on the fluxes and profiles of C IV and O VIII emission lines. To this end we model the impact of a fragmented accretion stream onto the chromosphere of a CTTS with 2D axysimmetric magneto-hydrodynamic simulations. Our model takes intoaccount of the gravity, the stellar magnetic eld, the thermal conduction and the radiative cooling from an optically thin plasma.From the model results, we synthesize the UV and X-ray emission including the effect of Doppler shift along the line of sight. We find thata fragmented accretion stream produces complex pro les of UV emission lines which consists of multiple components with di erent Doppler shifts. Our model predicts line pro les that are consistent with those observed and explain their origin as due to the stream fragmentation.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine1
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

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