OBJECTIVE:GH treatment (GHT) can lead to glucose metabolism impairment through decreased insulin sensitivity and impaired pancreatic β-cell function, which are the two key components of the pathogenesis of diabetes. Therefore, in addition to insulin sensitivity, during GHT it is very important to perform a reliable evaluation of insulin secretion. However, conflicting data exist regarding the insulin secretion in children during GHT. C-peptide provides a more reliable estimate of β-cell function than insulin, but few studies evaluated it during GHT. Our aim was to assess the usefulness of C-peptide in the evaluation of insulin secretion in GH deficiency (GHD) children.DESIGN:In 48 GHD children, at baseline and after 12 and 24months of GHT, and in 56 healthy subjects we evaluated fasting and glucagon-stimulated (AUCCpep) C-peptide levels in addition to other commonly used secretion indexes, such as fasting and oral glucose tolerance test-stimulated insulin levels (AUCINS), Homa-β, and insulinogenic index. The main outcomes were the change in C-peptide during GHT and its correlation with the auxological and hormonal parameters.RESULTS:At baseline GHD children showed a significant lower AUCCpep (p=0.006), while no difference was found for the other indexes. Both fasting C-peptide (beta 0.307, p=0.016) and AUCCpep (beta 0.379, p=0.002) were independently correlated with IGF-I SDS, while no correlation was found for all other indexes. After 12months an increase in Homa-β (p<0.001), fasting C-peptide (p=0.002) and AUCCpep (p<0.001) was found. At multivariate analysis, only fasting C-peptide (beta 0.783, p=0.001) and AUCCpep (beta 0.880, p<0.001) were independently correlated with IGF-I SDS.CONCLUSIONS:C-peptide, rather than the insulin-derived indexes, has proved to be the most useful marker of insulin secretion correlated to IGF-I levels in GHD children. Therefore, we suggest the use of glucagon test both as diagnostic test for the GH assessment and as a useful tool for the evaluation of insulin secretion during GHT in children.
|Numero di pagine||7|
|Rivista||GROWTH HORMONE & IGF RESEARCH|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2016|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism