Using HYDRUS-2D model to assess the optimal drip lateral depth for eggplant crop in a sandy loam soil of central Tunisia

Hiba Ghazouani, Giuseppe Provenzano, Dario Autovino, Giovanni Rallo, Boutheina Douh, Hiba Ghazouani

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Abstract

The main objective of the work is to assess the optimal drip lateral depth for Eggplant crop (Solanum melongena L.) irrigated with a drip system in a sandy loam soil by means of field measurements and simulation models. Initially, the performance of Hydrus-2D was assessed based on the comparison between simulated soil water contents (SWC) and the corresponding measured in two plots, in which laterals with co-extruded emitters were laid on the soil surface (drip irrigation, DI-0) and at 20 cm depth (subsurface drip irrigation, SDI-20), respectively. In order to identify the optimal position of the lateral, the results of different scenarios, obtained by changing the installation depth of the lateral (5 cm, 15 cm and 45 cm) were compared in terms of water use efficiency (WUE), expresses as the ratio between actual transpiration and the total amount of water supplied during the entire growth season. Simulated SWCs resulted fairly close to the corresponding measured at different distances from the lateral and therefore the model was able to predict SWCs in the root zone with values of the Root Mean Square Error generally lower than 4%. According to the examined scenarios, soil evaporation decreases at increasing drip lateral depth, while the associated WUE tends to increase when the depth of the lateral rises from 0 to 20 cm. Depth installation greater than 20 cm involve a higher loss of water to deep percolation with consequent decrease of WUE.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)47-58
Numero di pagine12
RivistaITALIAN JOURNAL OF AGROMETEOROLOGY
Volume21
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

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eggplants
sandy loam soils
Tunisia
sandy loam
crop
crops
water use efficiency
drip irrigation
microirrigation
surface irrigation
emitters (equipment)
subsurface irrigation
Solanum melongena
transpiration
evaporation
infiltration (hydrology)
rhizosphere
soil water content
soil
simulation models

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Forestry
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Atmospheric Science

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title = "Using HYDRUS-2D model to assess the optimal drip lateral depth for eggplant crop in a sandy loam soil of central Tunisia",
abstract = "The main objective of the work is to assess the optimal drip lateral depth for Eggplant crop (Solanum melongena L.) irrigated with a drip system in a sandy loam soil by means of field measurements and simulation models. Initially, the performance of Hydrus-2D was assessed based on the comparison between simulated soil water contents (SWC) and the corresponding measured in two plots, in which laterals with co-extruded emitters were laid on the soil surface (drip irrigation, DI-0) and at 20 cm depth (subsurface drip irrigation, SDI-20), respectively. In order to identify the optimal position of the lateral, the results of different scenarios, obtained by changing the installation depth of the lateral (5 cm, 15 cm and 45 cm) were compared in terms of water use efficiency (WUE), expresses as the ratio between actual transpiration and the total amount of water supplied during the entire growth season. Simulated SWCs resulted fairly close to the corresponding measured at different distances from the lateral and therefore the model was able to predict SWCs in the root zone with values of the Root Mean Square Error generally lower than 4{\%}. According to the examined scenarios, soil evaporation decreases at increasing drip lateral depth, while the associated WUE tends to increase when the depth of the lateral rises from 0 to 20 cm. Depth installation greater than 20 cm involve a higher loss of water to deep percolation with consequent decrease of WUE.",
keywords = "Agronomy and Crop Science, Atmospheric Science, Forestry, Hydrus-2D, Optimal lateral installation depth, Subsurface drip irrigation, Water use efficiency",
author = "Hiba Ghazouani and Giuseppe Provenzano and Dario Autovino and Giovanni Rallo and Boutheina Douh and Hiba Ghazouani",
year = "2016",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "47--58",
journal = "ITALIAN JOURNAL OF AGROMETEOROLOGY",
issn = "2038-5625",

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T1 - Using HYDRUS-2D model to assess the optimal drip lateral depth for eggplant crop in a sandy loam soil of central Tunisia

AU - Ghazouani, Hiba

AU - Provenzano, Giuseppe

AU - Autovino, Dario

AU - Rallo, Giovanni

AU - Douh, Boutheina

AU - Ghazouani, Hiba

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The main objective of the work is to assess the optimal drip lateral depth for Eggplant crop (Solanum melongena L.) irrigated with a drip system in a sandy loam soil by means of field measurements and simulation models. Initially, the performance of Hydrus-2D was assessed based on the comparison between simulated soil water contents (SWC) and the corresponding measured in two plots, in which laterals with co-extruded emitters were laid on the soil surface (drip irrigation, DI-0) and at 20 cm depth (subsurface drip irrigation, SDI-20), respectively. In order to identify the optimal position of the lateral, the results of different scenarios, obtained by changing the installation depth of the lateral (5 cm, 15 cm and 45 cm) were compared in terms of water use efficiency (WUE), expresses as the ratio between actual transpiration and the total amount of water supplied during the entire growth season. Simulated SWCs resulted fairly close to the corresponding measured at different distances from the lateral and therefore the model was able to predict SWCs in the root zone with values of the Root Mean Square Error generally lower than 4%. According to the examined scenarios, soil evaporation decreases at increasing drip lateral depth, while the associated WUE tends to increase when the depth of the lateral rises from 0 to 20 cm. Depth installation greater than 20 cm involve a higher loss of water to deep percolation with consequent decrease of WUE.

AB - The main objective of the work is to assess the optimal drip lateral depth for Eggplant crop (Solanum melongena L.) irrigated with a drip system in a sandy loam soil by means of field measurements and simulation models. Initially, the performance of Hydrus-2D was assessed based on the comparison between simulated soil water contents (SWC) and the corresponding measured in two plots, in which laterals with co-extruded emitters were laid on the soil surface (drip irrigation, DI-0) and at 20 cm depth (subsurface drip irrigation, SDI-20), respectively. In order to identify the optimal position of the lateral, the results of different scenarios, obtained by changing the installation depth of the lateral (5 cm, 15 cm and 45 cm) were compared in terms of water use efficiency (WUE), expresses as the ratio between actual transpiration and the total amount of water supplied during the entire growth season. Simulated SWCs resulted fairly close to the corresponding measured at different distances from the lateral and therefore the model was able to predict SWCs in the root zone with values of the Root Mean Square Error generally lower than 4%. According to the examined scenarios, soil evaporation decreases at increasing drip lateral depth, while the associated WUE tends to increase when the depth of the lateral rises from 0 to 20 cm. Depth installation greater than 20 cm involve a higher loss of water to deep percolation with consequent decrease of WUE.

KW - Agronomy and Crop Science

KW - Atmospheric Science

KW - Forestry

KW - Hydrus-2D

KW - Optimal lateral installation depth

KW - Subsurface drip irrigation

KW - Water use efficiency

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/207983

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M3 - Article

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JO - ITALIAN JOURNAL OF AGROMETEOROLOGY

JF - ITALIAN JOURNAL OF AGROMETEOROLOGY

SN - 2038-5625

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