Solid-phase micro extraction (SPME) coupled with GC enables rapid and simple analysis of organophosphorus pesticides in a range of complex matrices. Investigations were made into the extraction efficiencies from water of six organophosphorus insecticides (methamidophos, omethoate, dimethoate, parathion methyl, malathion, and parathion ethyl) showing a wide range of polarities. Three SPME fibres coated with different stationary phases, polydimethylsiloxane, polyacrylate, and carbowax-divinylbenzene (CW-DVB), were investigated. Water was spiked with the pesticides at concentrations from 1 to 0.01 µg mL-1, and the solutions used for optimization of the procedure. The CW-DVB fibre, with a 65 µm coating, gave the best performance. The optimized experimental conditions were sample volume 10 mL at 20°C, equilibration time 16 min, pH 5, and presence of 10% w/v NaCl. SPME analyses were performed on solutions obtained by equilibrating aqueous pesticide solutions with six certified soils with various physico-chemical characteristics. SPME data were also assessed by comparison with analyses performed by using conventional solid-phase extraction. Results indicate the suitability of SPME for analysis of pesticides in environmental water samples.
|Numero di pagine||15|
|Rivista||International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2005|
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