US Food and Drug Administration's Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy for Extended-Release and Long-Acting Opioids Pros and Cons, and a European Perspective

Antonino Giarratano, David Craig, Sebastiano Mercadante

Risultato della ricerca: Article

14 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Prescriptions for opioid analgesics to manage moderate-to-severe chronic non-cancer pain have increased markedly over the last decade. An unintentional consequence of greater prescription opioid utilization has been the parallel increase in misuse, abuse and overdose, which are serious risks associated with all opioid analgesics. In response to disturbing rises in prescription opioid abuse, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has proposed the implementation of aggressive Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategies (REMS). While REMS could dramatically change the development, release, marketing and prescription of extended-release opioids, questions remain on how theseprogrammes may influence prescribing practices, patient safety and ultimately patient access to these agents. The extent of the availability and misuse of prescriptionopioids in Europe is difficult to assess from the data currently available, due in large part to the considerable differences in prescribing patterns and regulations between countries. Balancing the availability of prescription opioids for those patients who have pain, while discouraging illicit use, is a complex challenge and requires effective efforts on many levels, particularly in Europe where policies are quite different between countries.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)2327-2332
Numero di pagine6
RivistaDrugs
Volume72
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2012

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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