Updating the orbital ephemeris of the dipping source XB 1254-690 and the distance to the source

Tiziana Di Salvo, Rosario Iaria, Angelo Francesco Gambino, Marco Matranga, Alessandro Riggio, Fabio Pintore, Andrea Sanna, Luciano Burderi

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1 Citazione (Scopus)

Abstract

XB 1254-690 is a dipping low mass X-ray binary system hosting a neutron star and showing type I X-ray bursts. We aim at obtaining a more accurate orbital ephemeris and at constraining the orbital period derivative of the system for the first time. In addition, we want to better constrain the distance to the source in order to locate the system in a well defined evolutive scenario. We apply, for the first time, an orbital timing technique to XB 1254-690, using the arrival times of the dips present in the light curves that have been collected during 26 yr of X-ray pointed observations acquired from different space missions. We estimate the dip arrival times using a statistical method that weights the count-rate inside the dip with respect to the level of persistent emission outside the dip. We fit the obtained delays as a function of the orbital cycles both with a linear and a quadratic function. We infer the orbital ephemeris of XB 1254-690, improving the accuracy of the orbital period with respect to previous estimates. We infer a mass of M2= 0.42 ± 0.04 M for the donor star, in agreement with estimations already present in literature, assuming that the star is in thermal equilibrium while it transfers part of its mass via the inner Lagrangian point, and assuming a neutron star mass of 1.4 M. Using these assumptions, we also constrain the distance to the source, finding a value of 7.6 ± 0.8 kpc. Finally, we discuss the evolution of the system, suggesting that it is compatible with a conservative mass transfer driven by magnetic braking.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)108-
Numero di pagine12
RivistaResearch in Astronomy and Astrophysics
Volume17
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

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dipping
dip
orbitals
arrival time
neutron stars
arrivals
mass transfer
stars
x rays
braking
space missions
estimates
light curve
bursts
time measurement
cycles

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cita questo

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title = "Updating the orbital ephemeris of the dipping source XB 1254-690 and the distance to the source",
abstract = "XB 1254-690 is a dipping low mass X-ray binary system hosting a neutron star and showing type I X-ray bursts. We aim at obtaining a more accurate orbital ephemeris and at constraining the orbital period derivative of the system for the first time. In addition, we want to better constrain the distance to the source in order to locate the system in a well defined evolutive scenario. We apply, for the first time, an orbital timing technique to XB 1254-690, using the arrival times of the dips present in the light curves that have been collected during 26 yr of X-ray pointed observations acquired from different space missions. We estimate the dip arrival times using a statistical method that weights the count-rate inside the dip with respect to the level of persistent emission outside the dip. We fit the obtained delays as a function of the orbital cycles both with a linear and a quadratic function. We infer the orbital ephemeris of XB 1254-690, improving the accuracy of the orbital period with respect to previous estimates. We infer a mass of M2= 0.42 {\^A}± 0.04 M for the donor star, in agreement with estimations already present in literature, assuming that the star is in thermal equilibrium while it transfers part of its mass via the inner Lagrangian point, and assuming a neutron star mass of 1.4 M. Using these assumptions, we also constrain the distance to the source, finding a value of 7.6 {\^A}± 0.8 kpc. Finally, we discuss the evolution of the system, suggesting that it is compatible with a conservative mass transfer driven by magnetic braking.",
author = "{Di Salvo}, Tiziana and Rosario Iaria and Gambino, {Angelo Francesco} and Marco Matranga and Alessandro Riggio and Fabio Pintore and Andrea Sanna and Luciano Burderi",
year = "2017",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "108--",
journal = "Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics",
issn = "1674-4527",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Updating the orbital ephemeris of the dipping source XB 1254-690 and the distance to the source

AU - Di Salvo, Tiziana

AU - Iaria, Rosario

AU - Gambino, Angelo Francesco

AU - Matranga, Marco

AU - Riggio, Alessandro

AU - Pintore, Fabio

AU - Sanna, Andrea

AU - Burderi, Luciano

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - XB 1254-690 is a dipping low mass X-ray binary system hosting a neutron star and showing type I X-ray bursts. We aim at obtaining a more accurate orbital ephemeris and at constraining the orbital period derivative of the system for the first time. In addition, we want to better constrain the distance to the source in order to locate the system in a well defined evolutive scenario. We apply, for the first time, an orbital timing technique to XB 1254-690, using the arrival times of the dips present in the light curves that have been collected during 26 yr of X-ray pointed observations acquired from different space missions. We estimate the dip arrival times using a statistical method that weights the count-rate inside the dip with respect to the level of persistent emission outside the dip. We fit the obtained delays as a function of the orbital cycles both with a linear and a quadratic function. We infer the orbital ephemeris of XB 1254-690, improving the accuracy of the orbital period with respect to previous estimates. We infer a mass of M2= 0.42 ± 0.04 M for the donor star, in agreement with estimations already present in literature, assuming that the star is in thermal equilibrium while it transfers part of its mass via the inner Lagrangian point, and assuming a neutron star mass of 1.4 M. Using these assumptions, we also constrain the distance to the source, finding a value of 7.6 ± 0.8 kpc. Finally, we discuss the evolution of the system, suggesting that it is compatible with a conservative mass transfer driven by magnetic braking.

AB - XB 1254-690 is a dipping low mass X-ray binary system hosting a neutron star and showing type I X-ray bursts. We aim at obtaining a more accurate orbital ephemeris and at constraining the orbital period derivative of the system for the first time. In addition, we want to better constrain the distance to the source in order to locate the system in a well defined evolutive scenario. We apply, for the first time, an orbital timing technique to XB 1254-690, using the arrival times of the dips present in the light curves that have been collected during 26 yr of X-ray pointed observations acquired from different space missions. We estimate the dip arrival times using a statistical method that weights the count-rate inside the dip with respect to the level of persistent emission outside the dip. We fit the obtained delays as a function of the orbital cycles both with a linear and a quadratic function. We infer the orbital ephemeris of XB 1254-690, improving the accuracy of the orbital period with respect to previous estimates. We infer a mass of M2= 0.42 ± 0.04 M for the donor star, in agreement with estimations already present in literature, assuming that the star is in thermal equilibrium while it transfers part of its mass via the inner Lagrangian point, and assuming a neutron star mass of 1.4 M. Using these assumptions, we also constrain the distance to the source, finding a value of 7.6 ± 0.8 kpc. Finally, we discuss the evolution of the system, suggesting that it is compatible with a conservative mass transfer driven by magnetic braking.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/244704

UR - http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1674-4527/17/10/108/pdf

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - 108-

JO - Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics

JF - Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics

SN - 1674-4527

ER -