Unità a limiti inconformi utilizzate per la cartografia dei depositi quaternari nei fogli CARG della Sicilia nord-occidentale

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ABSTRACT: Di Maggio C. et al., Unconformity-bounded stratigraphic units of Quaternary deposits mapped for the CARG Project in Northern and Western Sicily. (IT ISSN 0394-3356, 2009). Quaternary deposits of NW Sicily mapped for the CARG Project (Geological Survey of Italy) during detailed geologic and geomorphologic surveys are made up of: a) fluvial, coastal or marine deposits (mono or polygenic conglomerates, arenites or lutites variously cemented, with plane, inclined or cross-bedded stratification/lamination); b) aeolian deposits (quartzous or carbonate sands/sandstones, with cross-bedded stratification/lamination); c) colluvial terrains (reworked soils and breccias variously cemented, in some case laminated, with stone lines); d) scree slopes (breccias or stratified slope deposits – éboulis ordonné); e) carbonate speleothems (travertines, calcretes and cave deposits); e) landslide debris. Lower and upper boundaries of the Quaternary rocks consist of unconformity surfaces (marked by palaeosols at places), such as: wave cut platforms and cliffs; gullies and rills; erosion surfaces due to sheet erosion or sheet flood; stream channels, fluvial erosion scarps and fluvial erosion/depositional surfaces; separation or depletion surfaces due to mass movement; non depositional surfaces; topographic surfaces. The detection of some unconformity surfaces of regional extent allowed us to define seven main synthems; they have been mapped in several geologic 1:50.000 sheet maps. The Marsala synthem is a Lower Pleistocene 2-80 m thick body of marine/ coastal conglomerates, arenites and lutites, with abundant corals, algae, bryozoa, mollusca (Arctica islandica,Chlamys septemradiata), benthic foraminifera and planktonic foraminifera (Hyalinea baltica, Globorotalia truncatulinoides excelsa); its lower boundary is a marine abrasion surface cut into pre-Quaternary rocks. The Piana di Partinico synthem is made up of 1-5 m thick marine/coastal conglomerates and arenites located on a number of marine terrace surfaces related to sea high stand phases of Middle Pleistocene (Oxygen Isotope Stages – OISs - 17-7); these rocks appear correlatable with 1-3 m thick continental deposits (colluvial terrains and travertines) rich in fossil vertebrates belonging to the early Middle Pleistocene Elephas falconeri Sicilian Faunal Complex; its lower boundary is a wave cut platform carved into Marsala synthem or pre- Quaternary rocks. The Polisano synthem is 1-10 m thick aeolian sandstones and sands with intercalations of breccias talus; the body deposited in coastal, perched or barrier dune, contains rare terrestrial gastropods shells, late Middle Pleistocene in age (OIS 6); its lower boundary is a non-depositional surface at the top of the Piana di Partinico synthem or older rocks. The Barcarello synthem encompasses 1-2 m thick marine/coastal conglomerates and arenites with a rich warm-temperate “Senegalese fauna” including Strombus bubonius; they belong to two orders of marine terrace (OISs 5e and 5c or 5a) and laterally pass into 1-5 m thick, welded colluvial deposits; the latter are composed of both lutitic terrains (reworked soil) and breccias with angular rock fragments (reworked scree and sediment) in a abundant silt or fine-grained clay matrix (reworked soil) containing terrestrial mollusc shells and fossil vertebrates of the Upper Pleistocene Elephas mnaidriensis Sicilian Faunal Complex; their age is correlated with the OIS 5; the lower boundary of synthem is a marine abrasion surface laterally extending to a continental erosion surface; the latter is cutting the
Lingua originaleItalian
pagine (da-a)345-364
Numero di pagine20
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2009

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