To compare microvascular flow imaging (MVFI) to conventional Color-Doppler (CDI) and Power-Doppler (PDI) imaging in the detection of vascularity of Focal Breast Lesions (FBLs). A total of 180 solid FBLs (size: 3.5–45.2 mm) detected in 180 women (age: 21–87 years) were evaluated by means of CDI, PDI, and MVFI. Two blinded reviewers categorized lesion vascularity in absent or present, and vascularity pattern as (a) internal; (b) vessels in rim; (c) combined. The presence of a “penetrating vessel” was assessed separately. Differences in vascularization patterns (chi2 test) and intra- and inter-observer agreement (Fleiss method) were calculated. ROC analysis was performed to assess performance of each technique in differentiating benign from malignant lesions. About 103/180 (57.2%) FBLs were benign and 77/180 (42.8%) were malignant. A statistically significant (p <.001) increase in blood flow detection was observed for both readers with MVFI in comparison to either CDI or PDI. Benign FBLs showed mainly absence of vascularity (p =.02 and p =.01 for each reader, respectively), rim pattern (p <.001 for both readers) or combined pattern (p =.01 and p =.04). Malignant lesions showed a statistically significant higher prevalence of internal flow pattern (p <.001 for both readers). The prevalence of penetrating vessels was significantly higher with MVFI in comparison to either CDI or PDI (p <.001 for both readers) and in the malignant FBLs (p <.001). ROC analysis showed MVFI (AUC = 0.70, 95%CI = [0.64–0.77]) more accurate than CDI (AUC = 0.67, 95%CI = [0.60–0.74]) and PDI (AUC = 0.67, 95%CI = [0.60–0.74]) though not significantly (p =.5436). Sensitivity/Specificity values for MVFI, PDI, and CDI were 76.6%/64.1%, 59.7%/73.8% and 58.4%/74.8%, respectively. Inter-reader agreement with MVFI was always very good (k-score 0.85–0.96), whereas with CDI and PDI evaluation ranged from good to very good. No differences in intra-observer agreement were noted. MVFI showed a statistically significant increase in the detection of the vascularization of FBLs in comparison to Color and Power-Doppler.
|Numero di pagine||9|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2021|