The methanolysis of rapeseed oil catalyzed by commercial styrene-divinylbenzene macroporous acid resins was performed in a batch reactor at 100-140 °C and 10-46 MPa to study the effect of supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) on the performances of the process. Reaction temperatures of 120-140 °C were necessary to obtain high enough yields of fatty acid methyl esters. Upon addition of scCO2 faster transesterification kinetics was obtained also at the lowest investigated operating pressure (10-11 MPa), working in two fluid phase systems. Experiments performed changing the reaction time indicated that most of the esters were formed during the first 3 h. When the pressure was increased at 38-46 MPa, the fluid phases merged in a single one without significant modification of the performances of the process. The enhancement effect of scCO2 on the transesterification kinetics is tentatively discussed in terms of modification of the phase behaviour of the reaction system and swelling of the polymeric acid resin. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Numero di pagine||8|
|Rivista||THE JOURNAL OF SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2011|
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