Tranbsuccal drug administration is an attractive method, as it has several advantages especially with respect to peroral delivery. Here we report: i) the aptitude of carbamazepine (CBZ) to penetrate porcine buccal mucosa and reconstituted human oral (RHO) epithelium; ii) three different tablet formulations for transbuccal administration; iii) the drug release rate from tablets. CBZ permeation through the buccal mucosa was investigated by using two different bi-compartmental open models: Franz cells for porcine buccal mucosa and Transwell diffusion cells system for RHO epithelium. Results, expressed as drug flux (Js) and permeability coefficients (Kp), indicated that CBZ well penetrates the membrane and arrives in the acceptor phase. Js and Kp resulted 7x10(-2) mg/cm2h and 0.23 cm/h for in vitro experiments and 1.81 x 10(-2) mg/cm2h and 4.57 x 10(-2) cm/h for ex vivo experiments. The flux is extensively affected by the membrane thickness. The CBZ release from three different formulations of tablets, prepared with loaded microspheres, loaded matrices, and conventional compressed physical mixture of components was studied. Using the new formulated "non-conventional" tablets prolonged drug release was obtained. Loaded matrix tablets discharged CBZ faster than microsphere tablets (17% and 12% in about 2.5 h respectively). Results indicate the possibility of administering CBZ on buccal mucosa.
|Numero di pagine||11|
|Rivista||International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2005|
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