Toward the definition of a carbon budget model: seasonal variation and temperature effect on respiration rate of vegetative and reproductive organs of pistachio trees (Pistacia vera)

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Abstract

This study, as a preliminary step toward the definition of a carbon budget model for pistachio trees (Pistacia vera L.), aimed at estimating and evaluating the dynamics of respiration of vegetative and reproductive organs of pistachio tree. Trials were performed in 2005 in a commercial orchard located in Sicily (370 m.s.l.) on five bearing 20-year-old pistachio trees of cv. Bianca grafted onto Pistachio terebinthus L. Growth analyses and respiration measurements were done n vegetative (leaf) and reproductive (infructescence) organs during the entire growing season (April–September) at biweekly intervals. Results suggested that he respiration rates of pistachio reproductive and vegetative organs were related to their developmental stage. Both for leaf and for infructescence, the highest alues were observed during the earlier stages of growth corresponding to the phases of most intense organ growth. The sensitivity of respiration activity to temperature changes, measured by Q10, showed an increase throughout the transition from immature to mature leaves, as well as during fruit development. he data collected were also used to estimate the seasonal carbon loss by respiration activity for a single leaf and a single infructescence. The amount of carbon ost by respiration was affected by short-term temperature patterns, organ developmental stage and tissue function.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1095-1103
Numero di pagine9
RivistaTree Physiology
Volume29
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2009

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Pistacia
Pistacia vera
pistachios
Budgets
Respiratory Rate
Carbon
seasonal variation
Respiration
Temperature
carbon
developmental stages
temperature
leaves
Growth
Sicily
fruiting
Body Temperature
orchards
immatures
growing season

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

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title = "Toward the definition of a carbon budget model: seasonal variation and temperature effect on respiration rate of vegetative and reproductive organs of pistachio trees (Pistacia vera)",
abstract = "This study, as a preliminary step toward the definition of a carbon budget model for pistachio trees (Pistacia vera L.), aimed at estimating and evaluating the dynamics of respiration of vegetative and reproductive organs of pistachio tree. Trials were performed in 2005 in a commercial orchard located in Sicily (370 m.s.l.) on five bearing 20-year-old pistachio trees of cv. Bianca grafted onto Pistachio terebinthus L. Growth analyses and respiration measurements were done n vegetative (leaf) and reproductive (infructescence) organs during the entire growing season (April–September) at biweekly intervals. Results suggested that he respiration rates of pistachio reproductive and vegetative organs were related to their developmental stage. Both for leaf and for infructescence, the highest alues were observed during the earlier stages of growth corresponding to the phases of most intense organ growth. The sensitivity of respiration activity to temperature changes, measured by Q10, showed an increase throughout the transition from immature to mature leaves, as well as during fruit development. he data collected were also used to estimate the seasonal carbon loss by respiration activity for a single leaf and a single infructescence. The amount of carbon ost by respiration was affected by short-term temperature patterns, organ developmental stage and tissue function.",
author = "Tiziano Caruso and Ettore Barone and Marra, {Francesco Paolo} and {La Mantia}, Michele",
year = "2009",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "1095--1103",
journal = "Tree Physiology",
issn = "0829-318X",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Toward the definition of a carbon budget model: seasonal variation and temperature effect on respiration rate of vegetative and reproductive organs of pistachio trees (Pistacia vera)

AU - Caruso, Tiziano

AU - Barone, Ettore

AU - Marra, Francesco Paolo

AU - La Mantia, Michele

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - This study, as a preliminary step toward the definition of a carbon budget model for pistachio trees (Pistacia vera L.), aimed at estimating and evaluating the dynamics of respiration of vegetative and reproductive organs of pistachio tree. Trials were performed in 2005 in a commercial orchard located in Sicily (370 m.s.l.) on five bearing 20-year-old pistachio trees of cv. Bianca grafted onto Pistachio terebinthus L. Growth analyses and respiration measurements were done n vegetative (leaf) and reproductive (infructescence) organs during the entire growing season (April–September) at biweekly intervals. Results suggested that he respiration rates of pistachio reproductive and vegetative organs were related to their developmental stage. Both for leaf and for infructescence, the highest alues were observed during the earlier stages of growth corresponding to the phases of most intense organ growth. The sensitivity of respiration activity to temperature changes, measured by Q10, showed an increase throughout the transition from immature to mature leaves, as well as during fruit development. he data collected were also used to estimate the seasonal carbon loss by respiration activity for a single leaf and a single infructescence. The amount of carbon ost by respiration was affected by short-term temperature patterns, organ developmental stage and tissue function.

AB - This study, as a preliminary step toward the definition of a carbon budget model for pistachio trees (Pistacia vera L.), aimed at estimating and evaluating the dynamics of respiration of vegetative and reproductive organs of pistachio tree. Trials were performed in 2005 in a commercial orchard located in Sicily (370 m.s.l.) on five bearing 20-year-old pistachio trees of cv. Bianca grafted onto Pistachio terebinthus L. Growth analyses and respiration measurements were done n vegetative (leaf) and reproductive (infructescence) organs during the entire growing season (April–September) at biweekly intervals. Results suggested that he respiration rates of pistachio reproductive and vegetative organs were related to their developmental stage. Both for leaf and for infructescence, the highest alues were observed during the earlier stages of growth corresponding to the phases of most intense organ growth. The sensitivity of respiration activity to temperature changes, measured by Q10, showed an increase throughout the transition from immature to mature leaves, as well as during fruit development. he data collected were also used to estimate the seasonal carbon loss by respiration activity for a single leaf and a single infructescence. The amount of carbon ost by respiration was affected by short-term temperature patterns, organ developmental stage and tissue function.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/37957

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 1095

EP - 1103

JO - Tree Physiology

JF - Tree Physiology

SN - 0829-318X

ER -