From ancient times, the Mediterranean basin has connected peoples from different countries, facilitating both commercial and cultural exchanges. Within the Mediterranean basin, both large and small islands have always been transit and temporary stopping places, thereby promoting trade and acting as sorting centres for goods and knowledge. Today, these territories, which differ in size, population and economic and cultural activities, are the core of new exchanges and activities, among which tourism stands out (CPRM, 2002). The Mediterranean basin has more than 100 islands belonging to six states that are members of the European Union (EU). However, despite the diversity and uniqueness of each island, these territories share the same permanent handicaps as a result of their insularity (Briguglio and Kisanga, 2004). This condition has been recognized by the EU as both a geo-cultural factor and a permanent handicap because of additional constraints on competitiveness in the areas concerned (CESE, 2002, 2005), and is seen as the main reason for the formulation of specifi c policies addressed to these territories. Awareness of such a condition has developed recently, dating back to the end of the last century, and has led to the insular areas being identifi ed as regions ‘which suffer from severe or permanent natural or demographic handicaps’ for which it is necessary to adopt specifi c measures aiming to ‘reduce disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and the backwardness of the least favoured regions’ (CESE, 2002).
|Titolo della pubblicazione ospite||Island tourism: sustainable perspectives|
|Numero di pagine||11|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2011|
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