In microbial identification the standard method to attribute a specific name to abacterial isolate relays on the comparison of morphologic and phenotypic charactersto those described for type or typical strains. In the last years a new standard foridentifying bacteria using genotypic information began to be developed. In this newapproach phylogenetic relationships of bacteria could be determined by comparing astable part of the bacteria genetic code, the so called “housekeeping genes”. The mostcommonly used gene for taxonomic purposes for bacteria is the 16S rRNA. The goalof this chapter is to show that genotypic features can be used to build a topographicmap for clustering of a large set of bacteria. The map allows to visually inspect therelative distances among sequences of different orders or classes. Moreover it canbe used for fast identification of suspect sequences of bacteria, using a small set ofsequences prototypes.
|Titolo della pubblicazione ospite||Computational Intelligence|
|Numero di pagine||18|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2012|
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