Timing of the accreting millisecond pulsar SAX J1748.9-2021 during its 2015 outburst

Marco Matranga, Rosario Iaria, Angelo Francesco Gambino, Tiziana Di Salvo, Riggio, Pintore, Sanna, Scarano, Burderi

Risultato della ricerca: Article

20 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the timing analysis of the 2015 outburst of the intermittent accreting millisecond X-ray pulsar SAX J1748.9-2021 observed on March 4 by the X-ray satellite XMM-Newton. By phase connecting the time of arrivals of the observed pulses, we derived the best-fitting orbital solution for the 2015 outburst. We investigated the energy pulse profile dependence finding that the pulse fractional amplitude increases with energy while no significant time lags are detected. Moreover, we investigated the previous outbursts from this source, finding previously undetected pulsations in some intervals during the 2010 outburst of the source. Comparing the updated set of orbital parameters, in particular the value of the time of passage from the ascending node, with the orbital solutions reported from the previous outbursts, we estimated for the first time the orbital period derivative corresponding with P˙orb = (1.1 ± 0.3) × 10-10 s s-1. We note that this value is significant at 3.5σ confidence level, because of significant fluctuations with respect to the parabolic trend and more observations are needed in order to confirm the finding. Assuming the reliability of the result, we suggest that the large value of the orbital-period derivative can be explained as a result of a highly non-conservative mass transfer driven by emission of gravitational waves, which implies the ejection of matter from a region close to the inner Lagrangian point. We also discuss possible alternative explanations.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1340-1349
Numero di pagine10
RivistaMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume459
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

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outburst
pulsars
time measurement
orbitals
pulse amplitude
XMM-Newton telescope
pulses
ejection
gravitational waves
newton
mass transfer
arrivals
energy
confidence
x rays
time lag
intervals
trends
profiles

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cita questo

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title = "Timing of the accreting millisecond pulsar SAX J1748.9-2021 during its 2015 outburst",
abstract = "We report on the timing analysis of the 2015 outburst of the intermittent accreting millisecond X-ray pulsar SAX J1748.9-2021 observed on March 4 by the X-ray satellite XMM-Newton. By phase connecting the time of arrivals of the observed pulses, we derived the best-fitting orbital solution for the 2015 outburst. We investigated the energy pulse profile dependence finding that the pulse fractional amplitude increases with energy while no significant time lags are detected. Moreover, we investigated the previous outbursts from this source, finding previously undetected pulsations in some intervals during the 2010 outburst of the source. Comparing the updated set of orbital parameters, in particular the value of the time of passage from the ascending node, with the orbital solutions reported from the previous outbursts, we estimated for the first time the orbital period derivative corresponding with P˙orb = (1.1 ± 0.3) × 10-10 s s-1. We note that this value is significant at 3.5σ confidence level, because of significant fluctuations with respect to the parabolic trend and more observations are needed in order to confirm the finding. Assuming the reliability of the result, we suggest that the large value of the orbital-period derivative can be explained as a result of a highly non-conservative mass transfer driven by emission of gravitational waves, which implies the ejection of matter from a region close to the inner Lagrangian point. We also discuss possible alternative explanations.",
keywords = "Accretion, accretion disc; Stars: neutron; X-rays: binaries; Space and Planetary Science; Astronomy and Astrophysics",
author = "Marco Matranga and Rosario Iaria and Gambino, {Angelo Francesco} and {Di Salvo}, Tiziana and Riggio and Pintore and Sanna and Scarano and Burderi",
year = "2016",
language = "English",
volume = "459",
pages = "1340--1349",
journal = "Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society",
issn = "0035-8711",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Timing of the accreting millisecond pulsar SAX J1748.9-2021 during its 2015 outburst

AU - Matranga, Marco

AU - Iaria, Rosario

AU - Gambino, Angelo Francesco

AU - Di Salvo, Tiziana

AU - Riggio, null

AU - Pintore, null

AU - Sanna, null

AU - Scarano, null

AU - Burderi, null

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - We report on the timing analysis of the 2015 outburst of the intermittent accreting millisecond X-ray pulsar SAX J1748.9-2021 observed on March 4 by the X-ray satellite XMM-Newton. By phase connecting the time of arrivals of the observed pulses, we derived the best-fitting orbital solution for the 2015 outburst. We investigated the energy pulse profile dependence finding that the pulse fractional amplitude increases with energy while no significant time lags are detected. Moreover, we investigated the previous outbursts from this source, finding previously undetected pulsations in some intervals during the 2010 outburst of the source. Comparing the updated set of orbital parameters, in particular the value of the time of passage from the ascending node, with the orbital solutions reported from the previous outbursts, we estimated for the first time the orbital period derivative corresponding with P˙orb = (1.1 ± 0.3) × 10-10 s s-1. We note that this value is significant at 3.5σ confidence level, because of significant fluctuations with respect to the parabolic trend and more observations are needed in order to confirm the finding. Assuming the reliability of the result, we suggest that the large value of the orbital-period derivative can be explained as a result of a highly non-conservative mass transfer driven by emission of gravitational waves, which implies the ejection of matter from a region close to the inner Lagrangian point. We also discuss possible alternative explanations.

AB - We report on the timing analysis of the 2015 outburst of the intermittent accreting millisecond X-ray pulsar SAX J1748.9-2021 observed on March 4 by the X-ray satellite XMM-Newton. By phase connecting the time of arrivals of the observed pulses, we derived the best-fitting orbital solution for the 2015 outburst. We investigated the energy pulse profile dependence finding that the pulse fractional amplitude increases with energy while no significant time lags are detected. Moreover, we investigated the previous outbursts from this source, finding previously undetected pulsations in some intervals during the 2010 outburst of the source. Comparing the updated set of orbital parameters, in particular the value of the time of passage from the ascending node, with the orbital solutions reported from the previous outbursts, we estimated for the first time the orbital period derivative corresponding with P˙orb = (1.1 ± 0.3) × 10-10 s s-1. We note that this value is significant at 3.5σ confidence level, because of significant fluctuations with respect to the parabolic trend and more observations are needed in order to confirm the finding. Assuming the reliability of the result, we suggest that the large value of the orbital-period derivative can be explained as a result of a highly non-conservative mass transfer driven by emission of gravitational waves, which implies the ejection of matter from a region close to the inner Lagrangian point. We also discuss possible alternative explanations.

KW - Accretion

KW - accretion disc; Stars: neutron; X-rays: binaries; Space and Planetary Science; Astronomy and Astrophysics

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/209941

UR - http://mnras.oxfordjournals.org/

M3 - Article

VL - 459

SP - 1340

EP - 1349

JO - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

JF - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

SN - 0035-8711

ER -