Three Decades of Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment: Evidence Coming From Different Healthcare Settings and Specific Clinical Conditions

Nicola Veronese, Anna Maria Mello, Nicola Veronese, Alberto Cella, Andrea Pilotto, Julia Daragjati, Alessandro Padovani, Francesco Panza, Clarissa Musacchio, Camilla Prete, Giancarlo Logroscino, Alberto Pilotto

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

136 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is a multidisciplinary diagnostic and treatment process that identifies medical, psychosocial, and functional capabilities of older adults to develop a coordinated plan to maximize overall health with aging. Specific criteria used by CGA programs to evaluate patients include age, medical comorbidities, psychosocial problems, previous or predicted high healthcare utilization, change in living situation, and specific geriatric conditions. However, no universal criteria have been agreed upon to readily identify patients who are likely to benefit from CGA. Evidence from randomized controlled trials and large systematic reviews and meta-analyses suggested that the healthcare setting may modify the effectiveness of CGA programs. Home CGA programs and CGA performed in the hospital were shown to be consistently beneficial for several health outcomes. In contrast, the data are conflicting for posthospital discharge CGA programs, outpatient CGA consultation, and CGA-based inpatient geriatric consultation services. The effectiveness of CGA programs may be modified also by particular settings or specific clinical conditions, with tailored CGA programs in older frail patients evaluated for preoperative assessment, admitted or discharged from emergency departments and orthogeriatric units or with cancer and cognitive impairment. CGA is capable of effectively exploring multiple domains in older age, being the multidimensional and multidisciplinary tool of choice to determine the clinical profile, the pathologic risk and the residual skills as well as the short- and long-term prognosis to facilitate the clinical decision making on the personalized care plan of older persons. © 2016 AMDA – The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)192.e1-192.e11
Numero di pagine0
RivistaJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Volume18
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2900.2900???
  • Health Policy
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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