Thermo-mechanical analyses and ways of optimization of the helium cooled DEMO First Wall under RCC-MRx rules

Pietro Arena, Jaboulay, Aubert, Alexandre Morin, Boullon, Giacomo Aiello

    Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

    7 Citazioni (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The EUROfusion Consortium develops a design of a fusion power demonstrator plant (DEMO) in the framework of the European “Horizon 2020” innovation and research program. One of the key components in the fusion reactor is the Breeding Blanket (BB) surrounding the plasma, ensuring tritium self-sufficiency, heat removal for conversion into electricity, and neutron shielding. Among the 4 candidates for the DEMO BB, 2 of them use helium as coolant (HCPB, HCLL), and another one (DCLL) uses helium to cool down the First Wall (FW) only. Due to uncertainties regarding the plasma Heat Flux (HF) load the DEMO BB integrated FW will have to cope with, a set of sensitive thermal and stress analyses have been performed in order to define the possible margin against HF the integrated Helium-Cooled Eurofer FW could have. Based on the Helium Cooled Lithium Lead (HCLL) equatorial outboard module dimensions, thermal and stress Finite Element Method analyses have been performed with Cast3M with various FW front wall thicknesses and HF, under normal steady state condition. Stress have been analyzed with RCC-MRx code including high temperature (creep), cyclic (fatigue) and irradiated rules. This paper shows that the thickness of the plasma-facing wall of the FW should be minimized, within the limits necessary to withstand primary stresses, in order to reduce the temperature on the structure and thus prevent fatigue and creep damage as well as a reduction of the stress limits Sm, function of temperature, to prevent ratcheting. Moreover, the paper will discuss the importance of having constant HF during the reactor operation. A small variation of HF could increase a lot the risk of damage such as fatigue and creep. At the end, the effect of irradiation shows up to be the limiting criterion and penalizes the capacity of the FW to withstand high HF.
    Lingua originaleEnglish
    pagine (da-a)473-477
    Numero di pagine5
    RivistaFusion Engineering and Design
    Volume124
    Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • ???subjectarea.asjc.2200.2205???
    • ???subjectarea.asjc.2100.2104???
    • ???subjectarea.asjc.2500.2500???
    • ???subjectarea.asjc.2200.2210???

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