Thermally Induced Structural Modification of Silica Nanoparticles Investigated by Ramanand Infrared Absorption Spectroscopies

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Abstract

We report an experimental investigation by Raman and infrared (IR) absorption spectroscopies on the structuralmodifications induced by isochronal thermal treatments on amorphous SiO2 nanoparticles (fumed silica). Inparticular, three different commercial types of this material, characterized by particle mean diameters of 7,14, and 40 nm, were subjected to thermal treatments from 100 up to 1000 °C. We found that some propertiesof fumed silica, such as the SiOSi mean bond angle, ring size distribution, and surface adsorbed water content,are drastically different from those of common bulk silica materials and intimately related to the particles’dimension. The SiOSi mean bond angle, probed by the main Raman line peaked at about 440 cm-1, is modifiedby thermal treatments above 400 °C and tends toward typical values of bulk silica materials, whereas thethree-membered ring population, probed by the D2 line peaked at about 600 cm-1, changes but does notreach bulk silica features. The surface adsorbed water content, estimated by IR measurements, graduallydecreases, starting from 100 °C. The peculiar properties of fumed silica, which suggest a strained atomicnetwork structure, together with the investigation of its modifications induced by thermal treatments, areinterpreted in terms of a shell-like model of the constituting particles. In particular, the model assumes thateach particle comprises a surface shell characterized by a network structure highly strained and a core shellwith a less strained structure more similar to that of bulk silica. This model, discussed on the basis of ourexperimental results, suggests that the structural property modifications induced by thermal treatments intothe surface shell are related to the dehydroxylation process and to the buildup of particle-to-particle linking(sintering effects), whereas the structural modifications into the core shell arise from the network relaxationactivated by thermal treatments.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)13991-13997
Numero di pagine7
RivistaJOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. C
Volume114
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2010

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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