Therapeutic Effectiveness of Nutrition Therapy in Pediatric Patientswith Chronic Liver Diseases Awaiting Liver Transplantation

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Abstract

AbstractIt is important to prevent protein/calorie malnutrition in children with end stage liver diseases prior totransplantation. This study involved 34 patients between the ages of 10 and 156 months (mean value 25.69months  32.2) (13 females and 21 males) on the liver transplant waiting list. Data collected as of three monthsbefore transplant and up to ten months after the procedure concerned gender, age, weight, height, Pediatric EndStage Liver Disease Score, baseline pathology, type of nutrition, type of transplant, immunosuppression, pulsesteroid therapy, length of stay, and post transplant complications. Linear regression analysis showed that thelength of hospital stay was 24.5 days more for females than for males, but also that intensive nutrition therapyshortens this stay for both female patients (P = 0.085) and younger patients (P = 0.023). The study populationwas divided into two groups according to the different nutritional therapies adopted. The Student’s t-test andMann-Whitney test evidenced that the group receiving intensive nutrition therapy grew taller compared with thegroup following an oral diet (mean -1.37 and Prob = 0.043); that females grew taller compared to males (mean-1.65 +/- 0.56); and that there was an increase in height among the children in the group receiving intensivenutrition therapy despite the presence (-1.37 +/- 0.56) or absence (-14.8 +/- 5.44 and Prob = 0.035) ofcomplications, and despite the administration (-1.03 +/- 0.33) or non administration (-1.48 +/- 0.55 and Prob =0.019) of steroids. Intensive nutrition therapy enhances the velocity of growth in height and shortens the lengthof hospital stay, thus optimizing the final prognosis of the baseline pathology.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)179-190
Numero di pagine11
RivistaJOURNAL OF FOOD RESEARCH
Volume2
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2013

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