The Viticulture of Lampedusa, a heritage which is disappearing before being known.

Risultato della ricerca: Other

Abstract

The study is focused on the viticulture of the island of Lampedusa, located in the strait of Sicily 113 kmfrom the African coast and 205 km from the Sicilian coasts. It is a study that has no previous recordeddocumentations. The research was conducted on the island to a various number of vineyard farmers inorder to describe cultivation techniques and the grape germplasm utilized. Viticulture is present onseveral tens of hectares but in recent years is vanishing quickly and currently survives thanks to asmall number of old farmers who still practice agriculture. Moreover, the strong competition for landuse strongly linked to tourism, makes the survival of farming in general even more precarious. Ungraftedvines were cultivated in a difficult environment because of severe drought and within valleys that typicallycharacterize the island and plants are usually protected by stone walls that divide the parcels. Theproduct was typically grown for wine but also for the production of fresh and sun-dried grape orpreserved in alcohol. The trades made by the inhabitants of Lampedusa, who were fishermen and farmers,with other Mediterranean areas such as Tunisia, Malta, and Southern Italy promoted the introductionof new grape germplasm. In fact, several cultivar names of grape lead us to suspect that grapegermplasm might be introduced in Lampedusa from Italy and Tunisia. Because of the small size offarmland and their fragmentation, agriculture can not be supported by the European Community.However, special systems of assistance should be considered in order to maintain the conservation ofviticulture in the island.
Lingua originaleItalian
Pagine59-64
Numero di pagine15
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2010

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