The visceral adiposity index, based on anthropometric and metabolic parameters, has been shown to be related to adipose tissue function and insulin sensitivity. We aimed to evaluate the performance of the visceral adiposity index in adult patients with growth hormone deficiency. We enrolled 52 patients(mean age 51 ± 13 years) with newly diagnosed growth hormone deficiency and 50 matched healthy subjects as controls at baseline. At baseline and after 12 and 24 months of treatment we evaluated anthropometric measures, lipid profile, glucose and insulin during an oral glucose tolerance test, hemoglobin A1c, homeostasis model assessment estimate of insulin resistance, quantitative insulin sensitivity check index, insulin sensitivity index Matsuda, insulin-like growth factor-I and visceral adiposity index. At baseline growth hormone deficiency patients showed higher waist circumference (p < 0.001), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (p < 0.001) and visceral adiposity index (p = 0.003) with lower insulin sensitivity index (p = 0.007) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (p = 0.001) than controls. During growth hormone treatment we observed a significant increase in insulin-like growth factor-I (p < 0.001), high-density lipoprotein (p < 0.001) with a trend toward increase in insulin sensitivity index (p = 0.055) and a significant decrease in total cholesterol (p < 0.001) and visceral adiposity index (p < 0.001), while no significant changes were observed in other clinical and metabolic parameters. The visceral adiposity index was the only parameter that significantly correlated with growth hormone peak at diagnosis (p < 0.001) and with insulin-like growth factor-I and insulin sensitivity index both at diagnosis (p = 0.009 and p < 0.001) and after 12 (p = 0.026 and p = 0.001) and 24 months (p < 0.001 and p = 0.001) of treatment. The visceral adiposity index, which has shown to be associated with both insulin-like growth factor-I and insulin sensitivity, proved to be the most reliable index of metabolic perturbation, among the most common indexes of adiposity assessment and a marker of benefit during treatment in adult growth hormone deficiency patients.
|Numero di pagine||10|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2017|
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