The Vascular Flora of Nature Reserve "Pizzo Cane, Pizzo Trigna and Grotta Mazzamuto" (NW Sicily"

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Abstract

Summary – A floristic investigation was carried out in “Pizzo Cane, Pizzo Trigna and Grotta Mazzamuto” Nature Reserve,one of the largest in Sicily. In spite of the considerable botanical interest of this area, few data were available from classicand recent literature. Based on field investigations, coupled with bibliographic and herbarium researches, we have listed951 infrageneric taxa belonging to 103 families and 446 genera. A lot of these entities are reported in this area for the firsttime, for others ancient records are confirmed. Life form analysis shows the dominance of therophytes (44,79%) andhemicryptophytes (27,77%). From a chorological point of view, Mediterranean elements show a great incidence (72,12%).Endemism, at different levels, is represented by 59 taxa (6,20% of the local flora); some of these are exclusive of northwesternSicily (Centaurea ucriae, Centaurea umbrosa and Oncostema cerulea), others are endemic to whole Sicily (Erysimummetlesicsii, Helichrysum pendulum, Eryngium bocconii, Leontodon siculus, Ophrys panormitana, Ophrys lunulata, etc.) or tocentral Mediterranean area, i.e. Sardinia, Italian Peninsula, Maltese Islands, Tunisia (Euphorbia amygdaloides subsp. arbuscula,Orchis brancifortii, Arabis rosea, Brassica rupestris, Matthiola incana subsp. rupestris, Dianthus rupicola, Iberis semperflorens,Ophrys oxyrrhynchos, Stipa austroitalica subsp. appendiculata). Some other species are interesting from a phytogeographicaland conservational point of view, e.g. Eryngium pusillum, Ilex aquifolium, Potamogeton pusillum, Rhaponticumconiferum, Sorbus torminalis, Trifolium physodes, Vicia sicula, etc. Furthermore, this area represents the unic sicilian site ofHornungia pauciflora. The high floristic biodiversity of the area is threatened by fire events, reafforestation with allochthonousspecies and other human activities suggesting the urgent need of a more effective policy of sustainable management.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)101-151
Numero di pagine50
RivistaWebbia
Volume64
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science

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@article{13bd93aafc224214adec3c91bc578317,
title = "The Vascular Flora of Nature Reserve {"}Pizzo Cane, Pizzo Trigna and Grotta Mazzamuto{"} (NW Sicily{"}",
abstract = "Summary – A floristic investigation was carried out in “Pizzo Cane, Pizzo Trigna and Grotta Mazzamuto” Nature Reserve,one of the largest in Sicily. In spite of the considerable botanical interest of this area, few data were available from classicand recent literature. Based on field investigations, coupled with bibliographic and herbarium researches, we have listed951 infrageneric taxa belonging to 103 families and 446 genera. A lot of these entities are reported in this area for the firsttime, for others ancient records are confirmed. Life form analysis shows the dominance of therophytes (44,79{\%}) andhemicryptophytes (27,77{\%}). From a chorological point of view, Mediterranean elements show a great incidence (72,12{\%}).Endemism, at different levels, is represented by 59 taxa (6,20{\%} of the local flora); some of these are exclusive of northwesternSicily (Centaurea ucriae, Centaurea umbrosa and Oncostema cerulea), others are endemic to whole Sicily (Erysimummetlesicsii, Helichrysum pendulum, Eryngium bocconii, Leontodon siculus, Ophrys panormitana, Ophrys lunulata, etc.) or tocentral Mediterranean area, i.e. Sardinia, Italian Peninsula, Maltese Islands, Tunisia (Euphorbia amygdaloides subsp. arbuscula,Orchis brancifortii, Arabis rosea, Brassica rupestris, Matthiola incana subsp. rupestris, Dianthus rupicola, Iberis semperflorens,Ophrys oxyrrhynchos, Stipa austroitalica subsp. appendiculata). Some other species are interesting from a phytogeographicaland conservational point of view, e.g. Eryngium pusillum, Ilex aquifolium, Potamogeton pusillum, Rhaponticumconiferum, Sorbus torminalis, Trifolium physodes, Vicia sicula, etc. Furthermore, this area represents the unic sicilian site ofHornungia pauciflora. The high floristic biodiversity of the area is threatened by fire events, reafforestation with allochthonousspecies and other human activities suggesting the urgent need of a more effective policy of sustainable management.",
keywords = "Nature reserve, Sicily, endemism, floristic biodiversity, phytogeography",
author = "Gianguzzi, {Lorenzo Antonino} and Silvio Fici and Salvatore Romano and Orazio Caldarella",
year = "2009",
language = "English",
volume = "64",
pages = "101--151",
journal = "Webbia",
issn = "0083-7792",
publisher = "University of Florence",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Vascular Flora of Nature Reserve "Pizzo Cane, Pizzo Trigna and Grotta Mazzamuto" (NW Sicily"

AU - Gianguzzi, Lorenzo Antonino

AU - Fici, Silvio

AU - Romano, Salvatore

AU - Caldarella, Orazio

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Summary – A floristic investigation was carried out in “Pizzo Cane, Pizzo Trigna and Grotta Mazzamuto” Nature Reserve,one of the largest in Sicily. In spite of the considerable botanical interest of this area, few data were available from classicand recent literature. Based on field investigations, coupled with bibliographic and herbarium researches, we have listed951 infrageneric taxa belonging to 103 families and 446 genera. A lot of these entities are reported in this area for the firsttime, for others ancient records are confirmed. Life form analysis shows the dominance of therophytes (44,79%) andhemicryptophytes (27,77%). From a chorological point of view, Mediterranean elements show a great incidence (72,12%).Endemism, at different levels, is represented by 59 taxa (6,20% of the local flora); some of these are exclusive of northwesternSicily (Centaurea ucriae, Centaurea umbrosa and Oncostema cerulea), others are endemic to whole Sicily (Erysimummetlesicsii, Helichrysum pendulum, Eryngium bocconii, Leontodon siculus, Ophrys panormitana, Ophrys lunulata, etc.) or tocentral Mediterranean area, i.e. Sardinia, Italian Peninsula, Maltese Islands, Tunisia (Euphorbia amygdaloides subsp. arbuscula,Orchis brancifortii, Arabis rosea, Brassica rupestris, Matthiola incana subsp. rupestris, Dianthus rupicola, Iberis semperflorens,Ophrys oxyrrhynchos, Stipa austroitalica subsp. appendiculata). Some other species are interesting from a phytogeographicaland conservational point of view, e.g. Eryngium pusillum, Ilex aquifolium, Potamogeton pusillum, Rhaponticumconiferum, Sorbus torminalis, Trifolium physodes, Vicia sicula, etc. Furthermore, this area represents the unic sicilian site ofHornungia pauciflora. The high floristic biodiversity of the area is threatened by fire events, reafforestation with allochthonousspecies and other human activities suggesting the urgent need of a more effective policy of sustainable management.

AB - Summary – A floristic investigation was carried out in “Pizzo Cane, Pizzo Trigna and Grotta Mazzamuto” Nature Reserve,one of the largest in Sicily. In spite of the considerable botanical interest of this area, few data were available from classicand recent literature. Based on field investigations, coupled with bibliographic and herbarium researches, we have listed951 infrageneric taxa belonging to 103 families and 446 genera. A lot of these entities are reported in this area for the firsttime, for others ancient records are confirmed. Life form analysis shows the dominance of therophytes (44,79%) andhemicryptophytes (27,77%). From a chorological point of view, Mediterranean elements show a great incidence (72,12%).Endemism, at different levels, is represented by 59 taxa (6,20% of the local flora); some of these are exclusive of northwesternSicily (Centaurea ucriae, Centaurea umbrosa and Oncostema cerulea), others are endemic to whole Sicily (Erysimummetlesicsii, Helichrysum pendulum, Eryngium bocconii, Leontodon siculus, Ophrys panormitana, Ophrys lunulata, etc.) or tocentral Mediterranean area, i.e. Sardinia, Italian Peninsula, Maltese Islands, Tunisia (Euphorbia amygdaloides subsp. arbuscula,Orchis brancifortii, Arabis rosea, Brassica rupestris, Matthiola incana subsp. rupestris, Dianthus rupicola, Iberis semperflorens,Ophrys oxyrrhynchos, Stipa austroitalica subsp. appendiculata). Some other species are interesting from a phytogeographicaland conservational point of view, e.g. Eryngium pusillum, Ilex aquifolium, Potamogeton pusillum, Rhaponticumconiferum, Sorbus torminalis, Trifolium physodes, Vicia sicula, etc. Furthermore, this area represents the unic sicilian site ofHornungia pauciflora. The high floristic biodiversity of the area is threatened by fire events, reafforestation with allochthonousspecies and other human activities suggesting the urgent need of a more effective policy of sustainable management.

KW - Nature reserve

KW - Sicily

KW - endemism

KW - floristic biodiversity

KW - phytogeography

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/40237

M3 - Article

VL - 64

SP - 101

EP - 151

JO - Webbia

JF - Webbia

SN - 0083-7792

ER -