The vaccinaTion & Hpv Knowledge (THinK) questionnaire: a reliability and validity study on a sample of women living in Sicily (southern-Italy)

Lumia, C.; Arculeo, V.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Abstract

Objective. The aim of this study was to introduce the VaccinaTion & Hpv Knowledge (THinK) questionnaire to assess knowledge about human papillomavirus (HPV) and attitude to HPV-vaccination. Its reliability and validity was demonstrated in a sample of women living in Sicily (southern Italy).Methods. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on a sample of 220 women at the "Paolo Giaccone" University Hospital in Palermo (Sicily), aged 18-61. Data were analyzed through Cronbach's alpha and exploratory factor analysis, followed by a structural equation model with measurement component. The two-level data structure was explicitly considered.Results. Three dimensions were found: "knowledge of HPV infection (kHPV), "Attitude to be vaccinated against HPV (aHPV)" and "Knowledge about vaccines (KV)" (97% overall explained variance). Internal consistency was good for the whole questionnaire (0.82) and the first dimension (0.88) and acceptable for the second (0.78) and the third dimension (0.73). 23% of women showed no or little knowledge of HPV and 44.3% of women had no or little knowledge about HPV induced lesions.Discussion. The use of a validated questionnaire may serve as a useful measure to assess general knowledge about HPV and attitude towards vaccination against HPV in the primary prevention setting.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)e6254-
Numero di pagine13
RivistaPeerJ
Volume7
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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title = "The vaccinaTion & Hpv Knowledge (THinK) questionnaire: a reliability and validity study on a sample of women living in Sicily (southern-Italy)",
abstract = "Objective. The aim of this study was to introduce the VaccinaTion & Hpv Knowledge (THinK) questionnaire to assess knowledge about human papillomavirus (HPV) and attitude to HPV-vaccination. Its reliability and validity was demonstrated in a sample of women living in Sicily (southern Italy).Methods. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on a sample of 220 women at the {"}Paolo Giaccone{"} University Hospital in Palermo (Sicily), aged 18-61. Data were analyzed through Cronbach's alpha and exploratory factor analysis, followed by a structural equation model with measurement component. The two-level data structure was explicitly considered.Results. Three dimensions were found: {"}knowledge of HPV infection (kHPV), {"}Attitude to be vaccinated against HPV (aHPV){"} and {"}Knowledge about vaccines (KV){"} (97{\%} overall explained variance). Internal consistency was good for the whole questionnaire (0.82) and the first dimension (0.88) and acceptable for the second (0.78) and the third dimension (0.73). 23{\%} of women showed no or little knowledge of HPV and 44.3{\%} of women had no or little knowledge about HPV induced lesions.Discussion. The use of a validated questionnaire may serve as a useful measure to assess general knowledge about HPV and attitude towards vaccination against HPV in the primary prevention setting.",
keywords = "Attitude; Knowledge; Multilevel structural equation model; Papillomavirus; Questionnaire; Reliability; Vaccination; Validity",
author = "{Lumia, C.; Arculeo, V.} and Gregorio Serra and Domenica Matranga and Antonio Spera and Guarneri, {Maria Francesca} and Rossella Guarneri and Alessia Pivetti and Marcello Noto",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "e6254--",
journal = "PeerJ",
issn = "2167-8359",
publisher = "PeerJ",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The vaccinaTion & Hpv Knowledge (THinK) questionnaire: a reliability and validity study on a sample of women living in Sicily (southern-Italy)

AU - Lumia, C.; Arculeo, V.

AU - Serra, Gregorio

AU - Matranga, Domenica

AU - Spera, Antonio

AU - Guarneri, Maria Francesca

AU - Guarneri, Rossella

AU - Pivetti, Alessia

AU - Noto, Marcello

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Objective. The aim of this study was to introduce the VaccinaTion & Hpv Knowledge (THinK) questionnaire to assess knowledge about human papillomavirus (HPV) and attitude to HPV-vaccination. Its reliability and validity was demonstrated in a sample of women living in Sicily (southern Italy).Methods. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on a sample of 220 women at the "Paolo Giaccone" University Hospital in Palermo (Sicily), aged 18-61. Data were analyzed through Cronbach's alpha and exploratory factor analysis, followed by a structural equation model with measurement component. The two-level data structure was explicitly considered.Results. Three dimensions were found: "knowledge of HPV infection (kHPV), "Attitude to be vaccinated against HPV (aHPV)" and "Knowledge about vaccines (KV)" (97% overall explained variance). Internal consistency was good for the whole questionnaire (0.82) and the first dimension (0.88) and acceptable for the second (0.78) and the third dimension (0.73). 23% of women showed no or little knowledge of HPV and 44.3% of women had no or little knowledge about HPV induced lesions.Discussion. The use of a validated questionnaire may serve as a useful measure to assess general knowledge about HPV and attitude towards vaccination against HPV in the primary prevention setting.

AB - Objective. The aim of this study was to introduce the VaccinaTion & Hpv Knowledge (THinK) questionnaire to assess knowledge about human papillomavirus (HPV) and attitude to HPV-vaccination. Its reliability and validity was demonstrated in a sample of women living in Sicily (southern Italy).Methods. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on a sample of 220 women at the "Paolo Giaccone" University Hospital in Palermo (Sicily), aged 18-61. Data were analyzed through Cronbach's alpha and exploratory factor analysis, followed by a structural equation model with measurement component. The two-level data structure was explicitly considered.Results. Three dimensions were found: "knowledge of HPV infection (kHPV), "Attitude to be vaccinated against HPV (aHPV)" and "Knowledge about vaccines (KV)" (97% overall explained variance). Internal consistency was good for the whole questionnaire (0.82) and the first dimension (0.88) and acceptable for the second (0.78) and the third dimension (0.73). 23% of women showed no or little knowledge of HPV and 44.3% of women had no or little knowledge about HPV induced lesions.Discussion. The use of a validated questionnaire may serve as a useful measure to assess general knowledge about HPV and attitude towards vaccination against HPV in the primary prevention setting.

KW - Attitude; Knowledge; Multilevel structural equation model; Papillomavirus; Questionnaire; Reliability; Vaccination; Validity

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/358740

M3 - Article

VL - 7

SP - e6254-

JO - PeerJ

JF - PeerJ

SN - 2167-8359

ER -