10 th Conference of the European Sociological Association – ESA Social relations in turbulent times GENEVA September 2011Globalization has dispersed along several different lines of action the historical concepts of war and enemy. Yet globalization has also changed the way in which victims are figuratively and symbolically produced. In other words, both ways of dealing with violence today are dramatically changed, especially in intimate and peer relationship. Today it is instead an ever more worrisome in the dynamics of inner life and redefines the boundaries of each other’s identity and the weights that social actors have in their private life.One of the most striking aspects of these turbulent time is that the instrumental function attributed by politics to violence has ceased to produce ordering effects. Violence is traditionally a mode of action, refers, in the public sphere, to the dyad Friend/Foe (Schmitt 1927). It 's just dyad inimicus / hostis to have been turned upside-down as unexpected effect of a global culture that is also marked by an increase in violence in the private sphere. The more the hostis (political enemy) refers to a symbolic enemy, the inimicus (the personnel enemy) delays the proximity of the 'other person who is a dangerous polarity within relationship. This polarity threatens the same boundaries of individuality of everyone that is defined through the marks of sex, gender, age, status and role. Violence is wrongly considered as an effect rather than as an action, but at the same time, becomes the frame in which individuals redefine their identity profile. The relationship with the private enemy - husband, partner, classmate - regress into a barbarism aim at restoring the contour of identity of those who, through violence on the other, requires a recognition of its role in a violence performance. Violence doesn’t become a category of the relationship but the same matter of relationship, in which to do and to suffer the violence are two sides of one relation. Paradoxically, however, the violent action cannot be fully realized without the non violent acceptance of those who suffer the violence of other. Starting from these premises, we will try to analyze the possibilities through which we translate the subordination and liabilities of those who suffer violence in an authentic non-violent action.In the reports of the private sphere, the violent act provides a real audience (family members, classmates) or symbolic (eg. public opinion) that, until now, has been regarded as a "passive spectator".What is urgently needed to do now, is a radical reflection on violence as grounding mode of relationship between partners and the relationship between peers, with the contribution of “passive spectator”.Starting from these premises, we can analyze some cases of violence in western Sicily, in order to define some features that identify the specific violence relationship.
|Numero di pagine||1|
|Volume||Nuova Atlantide. Rivista di scienze della Natura, Umane e della Complessità.|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2012|