The temperament of preterm infant in preschool age

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Abstract

Background: The study deals with the characteristics of temperament of preterm infants during their preschoolage in order to not only investigate likely “difficult or problematic profiles”, guided by impairments driven by theirpreterm birth, but also to provide guidelines for the activation of interventions of prevention, functional to improvethe quality of preterm infant’s life.Methods: The study involved a group of 105 children where 50 preterm children at the average age of 5 yearsand 2 months, enrolled in preschools of Palermo. The research planned the child reference teachers to beadministered a specific questionnaire, the QUIT, made up of 60 items investigating six specific typical dimensionsof temperament (Motor control activity - related to the ability of practicing motor control activity; Attention - relatedto the ability of guiding and keeping the focus of attention on a certain stimulus; Inhibition to novelty - regardingwith emotional reactivity in front of environmental stimuli; Social orientation - meant in terms of attention andinterest towards social stimuli; Positive and negative emotionality - regarding the tendency to mainly expresspositive or negative emotions.Results: The results show in general how preschool-aged preterm infants, identified by such a study, comparedwith full-term children, are characterized by “normal” temperament based on a strong inclination and orientation inmainly expressing positive feelings. Yet, an impairment of the areas most relating to attention and motor controlactivity seems to emerge.Conclusions: The data suggest specific interventions for preterm infant development and their reference systemsand, at the same time, can guide paediatrician and neonatologist dealing with preterm infants, in focalizing andmonitoring, even since health status assessments, specific areas of development that, since preschool age, canhighlight the presence of real forerunners of maladjustments and likely configurations of cognitive, emotional orbehaviour disadaptive functioning.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-7
Numero di pagine7
RivistaTHE ITALIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS
Volume37
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2011

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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