The Status of Coastal Benthic Ecosystems in the Mediterranean Sea: Evidence From Ecological Indicators

Gianluca Sara', Stefania Bevilacqua, Ameer Abdulla, Valentina Todorova, Maria Sini, Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Simonetta Fraschetti, Stelios Katsanevakis, Elena Gissi, Dania Abdul Malak, Vanessa Stelzenmüller, Gil Rilov, Carlo Pipitone, Antonio Terlizzi, Enric Sala, Fiorenza Micheli, Stanislao Bevilacqua, Antonios D. Mazaris

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

11 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The Mediterranean Sea is subject to multiple human pressures increasingly threatening its unique biodiversity. Spatially explicit information on the ecological status of marine ecosystems is therefore key to an effective maritime spatial planning and management, and to help the achievement of environmental targets. Here, we summarized scientific data on the ecological status of a selection of marine ecosystems based on a set of ecological indicators in more than 700 sites of the Mediterranean Sea. For Posidonia oceanica seagrass beds, rocky intertidal fringe, and coastal soft bottoms, more than 70% of investigated sites exhibited good to high ecological conditions. In contrast, about two-thirds of sites for subtidal rocky reefs were classified to be in moderate to bad conditions, stressing the need for prioritizing conservation initiatives on these productive and diverse environments. Very little quantitative information was available for the southern Mediterranean Sea, thus monitoring programs and assessments in this area are essential for a representative assessment of the health of marine coastal ecosystems in the whole basin. This overview represents a first step to implement a baseline that, through georeferenced data on ecological status, could help identifying information gaps, directing future research priorities, and supporting improvements to spatial models of expected cumulative impacts on marine ecosystems.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine8
RivistaFrontiers in Marine Science
Volume7
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2300.2306???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.1100.1104???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2300.2312???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2300.2301???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2200.2212???

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