Sharing economy and urban commons are inherently intertwined. New technologies and business modelsfor the production and consumption of goods and services are rapidly transforming cities across the worldin many ways: carsharing, ridesharing, short-term rentals, shared housing and workspaces. These not onlyput into question how urban transportation and tourist accommodation are planned, but also disrupttraditional local services, influence housing affordability and redesigning city spaces, thus often makingexisting local rules obsolete. These profound changes raise many issues. What kind of city is molded bypeer-to-peer activities? Is a sharing economy the way to a commons-based urban economy? And whatkind of rules are required, if any?This paper aims at examining the delicate relationship between a sharing economy and urban commonsand investigating how regulation can affect it. While part of the current debate is sometimes polarizedbetween devotees and decriers of peer-to-peer economic activities, many observers emphasize theirmultifaceted effects. New technologies are potentially powerful tools for sustainable economic models basedon genuine sharing and cooperation, permitting optimum use of existing resources and reinforcing socialnetworks. However, many of these phenomena are characterized by conflicting tendencies. ElinorOstrom’s empirical findings about the design principles that can lead towards a successful common regimegive a great importance to the existence of rules in accordance with local circumstances and to aparticipative decision process. Assuming the wide variety of peer-to-peer economic models and thesignificant differences from city to city, we should appreciate, on a case-by-case basis, how these practicesimpact on local economic growth, democratize access to goods and services, foster sustainable urbandevelopment, influence the urban environment and impact on job creation and labor conditions, and weshould identify the distributive consequences on the city and its inhabitants (underserved neighborhoods,people with disabilities, low-income communities). On that note, in order to instigate a truly commonsbasedurban economy it is critical to identify pros and cons of these practices in a given milieu and togenerate distinct strategies accordingly, resisting any temptation of “one-size-fits-all” solutions.
|Numero di pagine||22|
|Rivista||COMPARATIVE LAW REVIEW|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2016|