The Sea Urchin sns5 Chromatin Insulator Shapes the Chromatin Architecture of a Lentivirus Vector Integrated in the Mammalian Genome

Giovanni Spinelli, Vincenzo Cavalieri, Santina Acuto, Aurelio Maggio, Elena Baiamonte

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

4 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Lentivirus vectors are presently the favorite vehicles for therapeutic gene transfer in hematopoietic cells. Nonetheless, these vectors integrate randomly throughout the genome, exhibiting variegation of transgene expression due to the spreading of heterochromatin into the vector sequences. Moreover, the cis-regulatory elements harbored by the vector could disturb the proper transcription of resident genes neighboring the integration site. The incorporation of chromatin insulators in flanking position to the transferred unit can alleviate both the above-mentioned dangerous effects, due to the insulator-specific barrier and enhancer-blocking activities. In this study, we report the valuable properties of the sea urchin-derived sns5 insulator in improving the expression efficiency of a lentivirus vector integrated in the mammalian erythroid genome. We show that these results neither reflect an intrinsic sns5 enhancer activity nor rely on the recruitment of the erythroid-specific GATA-1 factor to sns5. Furthermore, by using the Chromosome Conformation Capture technology, we report that a single copy of the sns5-insulated vector is specifically organized into an independent chromatin loop at the provirus locus. Our results not only provide new clues concerning the molecular mechanism of sns5 function in the erythroid genome but also reassure the use of sns5 to improve the performance of gene therapy vectors.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)318-326
Numero di pagine9
RivistaNucleic Acid Therapeutics
Volume26
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Drug Discovery

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