The paper presents one of the first Italian experiences assessing the effectiveness of sustainable productionand consumption strategies.The authors developed an energy and environmental extended inputeoutput model, combined withthe life cycle assessment, to analyse the role of the building sector in the reduction of Italian energyconsumption and CO2 emissions. In detail, the model allows to assess the energy and environmentalbenefits arising from the Italian tax deduction policy for energy retrofit actions of buildings.Moreover, the authors defined an original model to assess the indirect rebound effect caused by theenergy retrofit actions.The outcomes of the research point out that the assessment of the benefits arising from a specificsustainable policy, strongly depends on:- the indirect energy consumed by industry to produce goods and services needed for thepolicy actuation;- the indirect energy saving, owing to the implemented policy, which in the examined casestudy has the same order of magnitude as the direct one;- the rebound effect, often neglected in the literature, which can partially avoid the obtainedbenefits.The model shows wide ranges of applicability to the European context, since it uses as input economicand energy data usually available at local and/or national level for many states in Europe. It mayrepresent a useful tool to decision-makers in the selection of policies oriented to the reduction of energyand environmental impacts caused by final consumption.
|Numero di pagine||12|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2013|
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