The relationship between the dietary inflammatory index (DII®) and incident depressive symptoms: A longitudinal cohort study

Nicola Veronese, Nicola Veronese, Nitin Shivappa, Maria Gabriella Caruso, Joseph Firth, Stefania Maggi, Brendon Stubbs, Marco Solmi, Maria Notarnicola, Michele Fornaro, James R. Hébert

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

22 Citazioni (Scopus)


Background: Diet is a common source of inflammation, and inflammation is associated with depression. We examined the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII®), a validated measure of inflammatory potential of the diet, and risk of depression in a cohort of older North American adults. Methods: This longitudinal study, with a follow-up of 8 years, included 3648 participants (1577 males, 2071 females; mean age: 60.6 years) with/at risk of knee osteoarthritis. DII® scores were calculated using the validated Block Brief 2000 Food-Frequency Questionnaire. Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression-20 scale was used to define depressive symptoms. The relationship between baseline DII® score and incident depression was assessed through Cox's regression analysis, adjusted for potential confounders, and reported as hazard ratios (HRs). Results: In total, 837 individuals (310 men and 527 women) developed incident depressive symptoms over the course of 8 years. Participants in the most pro-inflammatory group (quartile 4) had approximately 24% higher risk of developing depressive symptoms compared to subjects with the most anti-inflammatory diet (HR: 1.24; 95% CI: 1.01–1.53; p = 0.04). Conclusion: These results suggest that a pro-inflammatory diet may be associated with higher incidence of depressive symptoms in a cohort of older Americans. Transitioning to a more anti-inflammatory diet may reduce depression risk. © 2018
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)39-44
Numero di pagine6
RivistaJournal of Affective Disorders
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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