The Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices in Healthy Children: A Qualitative Approach

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Abstract

Studies on the structure of intelligence refer to two main theoretical models: the firstone considers intelligence as a unitary construct, the second one assumes the involvement of a pluralityof factors. Studies using Raven’s Coloured Progressive Matrices (RCPM) tasks have often highlightedthe involvement of dierent cognitive abilities and brain structures, but in the clinical setting,RCPM measurement continues to be used as a single score. The current study aimed to analyse theRCPM performance following qualitative clustering, in order to provide an interpretation of theintelligence assessment through a factorial criterion. The RCPM have been administered to a largegroup of typically developing children between 6 and 11 years of age. The sample was divided intotwelve age groups, and the performance of each age group was shown. Three qualitative item clusterswere identified through a factorial criterion. Data showed that performance on RCPM may arise fromdierent cognitive abilities, starting from basic attentional skills up to the more complex ones thatrequire perceptual or analogical reasoning. The qualitative parameters could provide more eectivediagnostic and treatment suggestions than a single total score in the clinical setting, and may becrucial for focusing on strength and weakness in the intellectual functionality evaluation of children.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)877-
Numero di pagine12
RivistaBrain Sciences
Volume10
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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