To study the mechanism of low levels of full length and truncated apoB in individuals heterozygous for apoB truncation, a non-sense mutation was introduced in one of the three alleles of apob gene of HepG2 cells by homologous recombination. Despite very low levels of apoB-82 (1-2%) in the media, a prominent N-terminal apoB protein of 85 kDa (apoB-15) was secreted that fractionated at d>1.065 in density gradient ultracentrifugation. The mechanism of production of this short protein was studied by (35)S-methionine pulse-chase experiment. Oleate prevented presecretory degradation of apoB-100 in the cell and resulted in increased secretion of newly synthesized apoB-100 with decreases in the apoB-15, suggesting that rescue of pre-secretary intracellular degradation of apoB restricted the production and secretion of apoB-15. Further investigation on the degradation of transmembrane forms of apoB, in the presence and absence of a cysteine protease inhibitor, N-acetyl-leucyl-leucyl-norleucinal (ALLN), showed appearance of detectable levels of newly synthesized apoB-82 in the cell and the media together with increased apoB-100 secretion, and reduction in the secretion of apoB-15. Compared to ER membrane, the levels of apoB were higher in the luminal content, and presence of both oleate and ALLN had additive effect on apoB secretion. These results suggest that the presence of improper folding of apoB during translocation led to the cleavage of both apoB-100 and apoB-82 by ALLN-sensitive protease and generation of 85 kDa N-terminal fragment of apoB.
|Numero di pagine||6|
|Rivista||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2010|
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