The orophilous communities of the Pino-Juniperetea class in the Central and Eastern Mediterranean area

Riccardo Guarino, Guarino, Gianpietro Giusso Giusso Del Galdo, Salvatore Brullo

Risultato della ricerca: Article

31 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Orophilous plant communities of the Pino-Juniperetea class, occurring in the Central and Eastern Mediterranean area, are examined. This vegetation is characterized by the dominance of trees and shrubs, mostly represented by conifers belonging to the genera Juniperus, Abies and Pinus. These communities are nowadays relegated to the supra- and oromediterranean belt, and show a fragmentary distribution, which is an evident proof of their relict connotation. The comparison among these communities, based on original and literature data, has highlighted a remarkable floristic and structural homogeneity, together with a series of geographical vicariances. From the phytosociological point of view, this justifies the arrangement of the aforesaid communities in the class Pino-Juniperetea Rivas-Martínez 1964, whose range is therefore extended to the whole Mediterranean basin. In the Central and Eastern Mediterranean area, the class is represented by the order Juniperetalia hemisphaericae, which comprises two new alliances: Berberidion aetnensis, restricted to the Central Mediterranean area, and Berberido creticae-Juniperion foetidissimae, distributed in the Eastern Mediterranean area. Both of them have been on its turn split up in some suballiances, to emphasize the floristic autonomy of some well-defined phytogeographical districts. The identified associations, many of them new to science, are examined from the nomenclatural, floristical, ecological, structural and chorological point of view.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)261-308
Numero di pagine47
RivistaFeddes Repertorium
Volume112
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2001

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Juniperus
Abies
conifers
plant communities
shrubs
Pinus
basins
vegetation
floristics
vicariance
autonomy
homogeneity
coniferous tree
plant community
shrub
Mediterranean Area
basin

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Plant Science

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The orophilous communities of the Pino-Juniperetea class in the Central and Eastern Mediterranean area. / Guarino, Riccardo; Guarino; Giusso Del Galdo, Gianpietro Giusso; Brullo, Salvatore.

In: Feddes Repertorium, Vol. 112, 2001, pag. 261-308.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Guarino, Riccardo ; Guarino ; Giusso Del Galdo, Gianpietro Giusso ; Brullo, Salvatore. / The orophilous communities of the Pino-Juniperetea class in the Central and Eastern Mediterranean area. In: Feddes Repertorium. 2001 ; Vol. 112. pagg. 261-308.
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T1 - The orophilous communities of the Pino-Juniperetea class in the Central and Eastern Mediterranean area

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AU - Guarino, null

AU - Giusso Del Galdo, Gianpietro Giusso

AU - Brullo, Salvatore

PY - 2001

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N2 - Orophilous plant communities of the Pino-Juniperetea class, occurring in the Central and Eastern Mediterranean area, are examined. This vegetation is characterized by the dominance of trees and shrubs, mostly represented by conifers belonging to the genera Juniperus, Abies and Pinus. These communities are nowadays relegated to the supra- and oromediterranean belt, and show a fragmentary distribution, which is an evident proof of their relict connotation. The comparison among these communities, based on original and literature data, has highlighted a remarkable floristic and structural homogeneity, together with a series of geographical vicariances. From the phytosociological point of view, this justifies the arrangement of the aforesaid communities in the class Pino-Juniperetea Rivas-Martínez 1964, whose range is therefore extended to the whole Mediterranean basin. In the Central and Eastern Mediterranean area, the class is represented by the order Juniperetalia hemisphaericae, which comprises two new alliances: Berberidion aetnensis, restricted to the Central Mediterranean area, and Berberido creticae-Juniperion foetidissimae, distributed in the Eastern Mediterranean area. Both of them have been on its turn split up in some suballiances, to emphasize the floristic autonomy of some well-defined phytogeographical districts. The identified associations, many of them new to science, are examined from the nomenclatural, floristical, ecological, structural and chorological point of view.

AB - Orophilous plant communities of the Pino-Juniperetea class, occurring in the Central and Eastern Mediterranean area, are examined. This vegetation is characterized by the dominance of trees and shrubs, mostly represented by conifers belonging to the genera Juniperus, Abies and Pinus. These communities are nowadays relegated to the supra- and oromediterranean belt, and show a fragmentary distribution, which is an evident proof of their relict connotation. The comparison among these communities, based on original and literature data, has highlighted a remarkable floristic and structural homogeneity, together with a series of geographical vicariances. From the phytosociological point of view, this justifies the arrangement of the aforesaid communities in the class Pino-Juniperetea Rivas-Martínez 1964, whose range is therefore extended to the whole Mediterranean basin. In the Central and Eastern Mediterranean area, the class is represented by the order Juniperetalia hemisphaericae, which comprises two new alliances: Berberidion aetnensis, restricted to the Central Mediterranean area, and Berberido creticae-Juniperion foetidissimae, distributed in the Eastern Mediterranean area. Both of them have been on its turn split up in some suballiances, to emphasize the floristic autonomy of some well-defined phytogeographical districts. The identified associations, many of them new to science, are examined from the nomenclatural, floristical, ecological, structural and chorological point of view.

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