The identification of novel compounds modulating the expression/activity of molecular targets downstream to BCR-ABL could be a new approach in the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemias (CMLs) resistant to imatinib or other BCR-ABL-targeted molecules. Recently, we synthesized a new class of substituted 2-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoyl)-2-N,N-dimethylamino-benzo[b]furans, and among these 3-iodoacetylamino-6-methoxybenzofuran-2-yl(3,5-trimethoxyphenyl)methanone (TR120) showed marked cytotoxic activity in BCR-ABL-expressing cells. Interestingly, TR120 was more potent than imatinib in cell growth inhibition and apoptosis induction in both BCR-ABL-expressing K562 and KCL22 cells. Moreover, it showed antitumor activity in imatinib-resistant K562-R and KCL22-R cells at concentrations similar to those active in the respective sensitive cells. Further, TR120 induced a marked decrease in signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) expression in K562 cells. Consistent with this effect, it determined a block of cells in the G0-G1 phase of the cell cycle, a decrease in the level of cyclin D1, and a reduction in Bcl-xL expression; however, it did not cause modifications in the Bcl-2 level. Of interest, TR120 had synergistic effects when used in combination with imatinib in both sensitive and resistant cells. Considering that STAT5 is a BCR-ABL molecular target that plays a key role in the pathogenesis of CML as well as in BCR-ABL-mediated resistance to apoptosis, TR120 could potentially be a useful novel agent in the treatment of imatinib-resistant CML.
|Numero di pagine||10|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2013|
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