Alpha-enolase is a key glycolytic enzyme that plays a functional role in several physiological processes depending on the cellular localization. The enzyme is mainly localized in the cytoplasm whereas an alternative translated form, named MBP-1, is predominantly nuclear. The MBP-1 protein has been characterized as a c-Myc promoter binding protein that negatively controls transcription. In the present study, we identified the kelch protein NS1-BP as one of the alpha-enolase/MBP-1 partners by using a yeast two-hybrid screening. Although NS1-BP has been originally described as a protein mainly localized in the nucleus, we provide evidence that NS1-BP also interacts with actin in human cells, as reported for most kelch-containing proteins. Here we showed that alpha-enolase and MBP-1 associate with NS1-BP in vitro and in vivo by GST pull-down assays and coimmunoprecipitation experiments; subsequent immunofluorescent staining confirmed colocalization of the proteins within the cells. Furthermore, functional analyses performed by cotransfection assays revealed that NS1-BP enhances the inhibitory effect exerted by MBP-1 on c- Myc promoter. In mammalian cells, the overexpression of both proteins resulted in an increased repression of basal c-Myc transcription and consistently affected the steady state levels of endogenous c-Myc mRNA. These findings further support the distinct roles of alpha-enolase and its MBP-1 variant in maintaining cell homeostasis. Moreover, our data suggest a novel function for NS1-BP in the control of cell proliferation. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Numero di pagine||12|
|Rivista||BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-MOLECULAR CELL RESEARCH|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2007|
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