The Impact of a Change in Employment on Three Work-Related Diseases: A Retrospective Longitudinal Study of 10,530 Belgian Employees

Domenica Matranga, Laura Maniscalco, Martijn Schouteden, Jan Boon, Lode Godderis

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1 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The literature that has investigated to what extent a change in employmentcontributes to good health is contradictory or shows inconsistent results. The aim of this study was toinvestigate whether an association exists between a change in employment and cardiovascular,musculoskeletal and neuropsychological diseases in a sample of 10,530 Belgian workers in aseven-year follow-up study period. Methods: The following factors were analysed: Demographicvariables, a change in employment and the work-related risks. Individuals being on medicationfor cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and neuropsychological diseases were used as proxies for thethree health issues. Logistic regression models for autocorrelated data with repeated measures wereused to examine each medication type. Results: A change in employment and psychosocial load canhave an important eect on the health of cardiovascular employees. Demographic variables, such asBMI and age, are risk factors for all three medications. Repetitive, manual tasks, handling static,exposure to noise levels of 87 dB, mechanical and/or manual handling with loads, and shift work werefound to be positively associated with medications taken for musculoskeletal diseases. Exposure tonoise 80 dB(A), managing physical loads and night work were found to be associated with being onmedication for neuropsychological diseases. Physical activity and skill levels were considered to beprotective factors for being on medication for neuropsychological diseases. Conclusions: Change inemployment and psychosocial load were found as two important risk factors for being on medicationfor cardiovascular (CVD). Dealing with loads, doing shift work and being daily exposed to the noiseof 87 dB correlated with being on medication for musculoskeletal (MSD). Dealing with physical loads,doing night work and being exposed to the noise of 80 dB were risk factors for being on medicationfor neuropsychological (NPD). While doing physical activity and reporting higher skill levels werefound to be protective factors for NPD.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine14
RivistaInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume17
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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