The Homeric compound Ὑπερίων and the sun in the Indo-European culture

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Abstract

This paper aims at reconstructing the semantic meaning of Homeric Ὑπερίων,the epithet of the sun, whose etymology is still not clear. After presenting themodern interpretations, which describe it as an adjective in the comparativeform derived from the adverbial particle ὑπέρ ‘up, above’, the ancient grammarians’hypothesis on Ὑπερίων as a compound is tested, taking into considerationthe textual analysis of those discourse contexts in which the terms forsun are used in archaic Greek and Vedic Sanskrit in comparative perspective.In particular, the co-occurrence with the motion verb go, i.e. εἶμι and i fromthe same IE root *h1ey-, in the Homeric poems and in the Rigveda respectively,might shed light on the existence of an inherited Indo-European representationof the sun.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)11-26
Numero di pagine16
RivistaINVERBIS
Volume7
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

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Sun
European Culture
Textual Analysis
Semantic Meaning
Co-occurrence
Rigveda
Adverbials
Etymology
Motion Verbs
Adjective
Vedic Sanskrit
Homeric Poems
Discourse Context
Epithet
Particle

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abstract = "This paper aims at reconstructing the semantic meaning of Homeric Ὑπερίων,the epithet of the sun, whose etymology is still not clear. After presenting themodern interpretations, which describe it as an adjective in the comparativeform derived from the adverbial particle ὑπέρ ‘up, above’, the ancient grammarians’hypothesis on Ὑπερίων as a compound is tested, taking into considerationthe textual analysis of those discourse contexts in which the terms forsun are used in archaic Greek and Vedic Sanskrit in comparative perspective.In particular, the co-occurrence with the motion verb go, i.e. εἶμι and i fromthe same IE root *h1ey-, in the Homeric poems and in the Rigveda respectively,might shed light on the existence of an inherited Indo-European representationof the sun.",
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AB - This paper aims at reconstructing the semantic meaning of Homeric Ὑπερίων,the epithet of the sun, whose etymology is still not clear. After presenting themodern interpretations, which describe it as an adjective in the comparativeform derived from the adverbial particle ὑπέρ ‘up, above’, the ancient grammarians’hypothesis on Ὑπερίων as a compound is tested, taking into considerationthe textual analysis of those discourse contexts in which the terms forsun are used in archaic Greek and Vedic Sanskrit in comparative perspective.In particular, the co-occurrence with the motion verb go, i.e. εἶμι and i fromthe same IE root *h1ey-, in the Homeric poems and in the Rigveda respectively,might shed light on the existence of an inherited Indo-European representationof the sun.

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