The histone deacetylase inhibitor ITF2357 targets oncogenic BRAF in human melanoma cells

Risultato della ricerca: Paper

Abstract

ITF2357 (Givinostat) is a potent antineoplastic histone deacetylase inhibitor which is currently used in clinical trials for leukemias and myelomas and in the therapy for systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Here evidence is provided that ITF2357 reduces the viability of human melanoma SK-Mel28 cells thereby inducing cell death. This compound was more efficacious than SAHA, another well known HDAC inhibitor belonging to the same class of hydroxamic acids. Moreover, we demonstrated for the first time that ITF2357 determines in SK-Mel28 cells a remarkable reduction in the level of oncogenic B-Raf, the product of the BRAF V600E mutated gene in melanoma. Western blot analysis showed that the decrease of oncogenic B-Raf induced by ITF2357 is dose and time dependent. This effect was accompanied with a decrease in the level of phosho-ERK confirming the blockage of the B-Raf mitogenic pathway. To potentiate the inhibition of this pathway, the MEK inhibitor UO126 was used in combination with ITF2357. The results indicated that this compound increases the effect of ITF2357 on cell death. Intriguingly, UO126 not only reduced ERK phosphorylation, as a confirmation of MEK inhibition, but also consistently reduced the level of B-Raf when combined with ITF2357. These preliminary results suggest that ITF2357, either alone or in combination with UO126, can be considered a good candidate in melanoma targeted therapy and ongoing studies will further clarify the mechanism of oncogenic B-Raf inhibition.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

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Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
Melanoma
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases
Cell Death
Hydroxamic Acids
Juvenile Arthritis
givinostat hydrochloride
Antineoplastic Agents
Leukemia
Western Blotting
Phosphorylation
Clinical Trials
Therapeutics

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title = "The histone deacetylase inhibitor ITF2357 targets oncogenic BRAF in human melanoma cells",
abstract = "ITF2357 (Givinostat) is a potent antineoplastic histone deacetylase inhibitor which is currently used in clinical trials for leukemias and myelomas and in the therapy for systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Here evidence is provided that ITF2357 reduces the viability of human melanoma SK-Mel28 cells thereby inducing cell death. This compound was more efficacious than SAHA, another well known HDAC inhibitor belonging to the same class of hydroxamic acids. Moreover, we demonstrated for the first time that ITF2357 determines in SK-Mel28 cells a remarkable reduction in the level of oncogenic B-Raf, the product of the BRAF V600E mutated gene in melanoma. Western blot analysis showed that the decrease of oncogenic B-Raf induced by ITF2357 is dose and time dependent. This effect was accompanied with a decrease in the level of phosho-ERK confirming the blockage of the B-Raf mitogenic pathway. To potentiate the inhibition of this pathway, the MEK inhibitor UO126 was used in combination with ITF2357. The results indicated that this compound increases the effect of ITF2357 on cell death. Intriguingly, UO126 not only reduced ERK phosphorylation, as a confirmation of MEK inhibition, but also consistently reduced the level of B-Raf when combined with ITF2357. These preliminary results suggest that ITF2357, either alone or in combination with UO126, can be considered a good candidate in melanoma targeted therapy and ongoing studies will further clarify the mechanism of oncogenic B-Raf inhibition.",
author = "Giuseppe Calvaruso and Sonia Emanuele",
year = "2016",
language = "English",

}

TY - CONF

T1 - The histone deacetylase inhibitor ITF2357 targets oncogenic BRAF in human melanoma cells

AU - Calvaruso, Giuseppe

AU - Emanuele, Sonia

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - ITF2357 (Givinostat) is a potent antineoplastic histone deacetylase inhibitor which is currently used in clinical trials for leukemias and myelomas and in the therapy for systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Here evidence is provided that ITF2357 reduces the viability of human melanoma SK-Mel28 cells thereby inducing cell death. This compound was more efficacious than SAHA, another well known HDAC inhibitor belonging to the same class of hydroxamic acids. Moreover, we demonstrated for the first time that ITF2357 determines in SK-Mel28 cells a remarkable reduction in the level of oncogenic B-Raf, the product of the BRAF V600E mutated gene in melanoma. Western blot analysis showed that the decrease of oncogenic B-Raf induced by ITF2357 is dose and time dependent. This effect was accompanied with a decrease in the level of phosho-ERK confirming the blockage of the B-Raf mitogenic pathway. To potentiate the inhibition of this pathway, the MEK inhibitor UO126 was used in combination with ITF2357. The results indicated that this compound increases the effect of ITF2357 on cell death. Intriguingly, UO126 not only reduced ERK phosphorylation, as a confirmation of MEK inhibition, but also consistently reduced the level of B-Raf when combined with ITF2357. These preliminary results suggest that ITF2357, either alone or in combination with UO126, can be considered a good candidate in melanoma targeted therapy and ongoing studies will further clarify the mechanism of oncogenic B-Raf inhibition.

AB - ITF2357 (Givinostat) is a potent antineoplastic histone deacetylase inhibitor which is currently used in clinical trials for leukemias and myelomas and in the therapy for systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Here evidence is provided that ITF2357 reduces the viability of human melanoma SK-Mel28 cells thereby inducing cell death. This compound was more efficacious than SAHA, another well known HDAC inhibitor belonging to the same class of hydroxamic acids. Moreover, we demonstrated for the first time that ITF2357 determines in SK-Mel28 cells a remarkable reduction in the level of oncogenic B-Raf, the product of the BRAF V600E mutated gene in melanoma. Western blot analysis showed that the decrease of oncogenic B-Raf induced by ITF2357 is dose and time dependent. This effect was accompanied with a decrease in the level of phosho-ERK confirming the blockage of the B-Raf mitogenic pathway. To potentiate the inhibition of this pathway, the MEK inhibitor UO126 was used in combination with ITF2357. The results indicated that this compound increases the effect of ITF2357 on cell death. Intriguingly, UO126 not only reduced ERK phosphorylation, as a confirmation of MEK inhibition, but also consistently reduced the level of B-Raf when combined with ITF2357. These preliminary results suggest that ITF2357, either alone or in combination with UO126, can be considered a good candidate in melanoma targeted therapy and ongoing studies will further clarify the mechanism of oncogenic B-Raf inhibition.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/231756

M3 - Paper

ER -