The genetic improvement of Pyrethrum (Chrisanthemum cinerariaefolium L.): a biotechnological approach. suppl.3: .

Abbate, L; Motisi, A; Tusa N

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Abstract

Pyrethrum (Chrisanthemum cinerariaefolium L. = Tanacetum cineariaefolium (Trev.) Schultz-Bip.) is a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the family Asteraceae, native to Albania and the area of former Yugoslavia. Pyrethrum is the only species in the genus Tanacetum having an agronomic importance, although the genus consists of several species producing similar types of bioactive metabolites. The species is grown in order to obtain the insecticidal compounds collectively termed pyrethrins, which are found primarily in the flower head. Pyrethrum may be easily propagated by seeds, vegetative splits, stem cuttings (rooted or not under mist), and tissue culture. The first attempts to introduce its cultivation into the semi-arid Mediterranean environments have brought to satisfactory results, and the species has shown a good response in terms of biomass and flowers yield, even when technical inputs were applied in a reduced amount. Much work must still be done, however, in order to set a properly detailed management protocol for the genetic improvement of the species by means of biotechnology. In this work we discuss the first results of a specific experimental activity aimed to point out a micropropagation protocol for Pyrethrum, with the purpose to optimize the in vitro culture conditions, using explants sources as tissue donors for protoplast isolation and setting preliminary experiments in protoplast fusion methods to improve the flowers yield per plant and to increase the pyrethrins level.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)577-578
Numero di pagine2
RivistaItalian Journal of Agronomy
Volume3
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2008

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Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium
Tanacetum
genetic improvement
Pyrethrins
Protoplasts
Albania
pyrethrins
Yugoslavia
flowers
Inflorescence
Asteraceae
Biotechnology
Biomass
protoplast fusion
herbaceous plants
Tissue Donors
Mediterranean climate
micropropagation
in vitro culture
biotechnology

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The genetic improvement of Pyrethrum (Chrisanthemum cinerariaefolium L.): a biotechnological approach. suppl.3: . / Abbate, L; Motisi, A; Tusa N.

In: Italian Journal of Agronomy, Vol. 3, 2008, pag. 577-578.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

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title = "The genetic improvement of Pyrethrum (Chrisanthemum cinerariaefolium L.): a biotechnological approach. suppl.3: .",
abstract = "Pyrethrum (Chrisanthemum cinerariaefolium L. = Tanacetum cineariaefolium (Trev.) Schultz-Bip.) is a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the family Asteraceae, native to Albania and the area of former Yugoslavia. Pyrethrum is the only species in the genus Tanacetum having an agronomic importance, although the genus consists of several species producing similar types of bioactive metabolites. The species is grown in order to obtain the insecticidal compounds collectively termed pyrethrins, which are found primarily in the flower head. Pyrethrum may be easily propagated by seeds, vegetative splits, stem cuttings (rooted or not under mist), and tissue culture. The first attempts to introduce its cultivation into the semi-arid Mediterranean environments have brought to satisfactory results, and the species has shown a good response in terms of biomass and flowers yield, even when technical inputs were applied in a reduced amount. Much work must still be done, however, in order to set a properly detailed management protocol for the genetic improvement of the species by means of biotechnology. In this work we discuss the first results of a specific experimental activity aimed to point out a micropropagation protocol for Pyrethrum, with the purpose to optimize the in vitro culture conditions, using explants sources as tissue donors for protoplast isolation and setting preliminary experiments in protoplast fusion methods to improve the flowers yield per plant and to increase the pyrethrins level.",
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AU - Abbate, L; Motisi, A; Tusa N

AU - Carrubba, Alessandra

AU - Catalano, Caterina

PY - 2008

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N2 - Pyrethrum (Chrisanthemum cinerariaefolium L. = Tanacetum cineariaefolium (Trev.) Schultz-Bip.) is a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the family Asteraceae, native to Albania and the area of former Yugoslavia. Pyrethrum is the only species in the genus Tanacetum having an agronomic importance, although the genus consists of several species producing similar types of bioactive metabolites. The species is grown in order to obtain the insecticidal compounds collectively termed pyrethrins, which are found primarily in the flower head. Pyrethrum may be easily propagated by seeds, vegetative splits, stem cuttings (rooted or not under mist), and tissue culture. The first attempts to introduce its cultivation into the semi-arid Mediterranean environments have brought to satisfactory results, and the species has shown a good response in terms of biomass and flowers yield, even when technical inputs were applied in a reduced amount. Much work must still be done, however, in order to set a properly detailed management protocol for the genetic improvement of the species by means of biotechnology. In this work we discuss the first results of a specific experimental activity aimed to point out a micropropagation protocol for Pyrethrum, with the purpose to optimize the in vitro culture conditions, using explants sources as tissue donors for protoplast isolation and setting preliminary experiments in protoplast fusion methods to improve the flowers yield per plant and to increase the pyrethrins level.

AB - Pyrethrum (Chrisanthemum cinerariaefolium L. = Tanacetum cineariaefolium (Trev.) Schultz-Bip.) is a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the family Asteraceae, native to Albania and the area of former Yugoslavia. Pyrethrum is the only species in the genus Tanacetum having an agronomic importance, although the genus consists of several species producing similar types of bioactive metabolites. The species is grown in order to obtain the insecticidal compounds collectively termed pyrethrins, which are found primarily in the flower head. Pyrethrum may be easily propagated by seeds, vegetative splits, stem cuttings (rooted or not under mist), and tissue culture. The first attempts to introduce its cultivation into the semi-arid Mediterranean environments have brought to satisfactory results, and the species has shown a good response in terms of biomass and flowers yield, even when technical inputs were applied in a reduced amount. Much work must still be done, however, in order to set a properly detailed management protocol for the genetic improvement of the species by means of biotechnology. In this work we discuss the first results of a specific experimental activity aimed to point out a micropropagation protocol for Pyrethrum, with the purpose to optimize the in vitro culture conditions, using explants sources as tissue donors for protoplast isolation and setting preliminary experiments in protoplast fusion methods to improve the flowers yield per plant and to increase the pyrethrins level.

KW - Pyrethrum; insecticidal plants; biotechnology

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/38977

M3 - Article

VL - 3

SP - 577

EP - 578

JO - Italian Journal of Agronomy

JF - Italian Journal of Agronomy

SN - 1125-4718

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