The effects of seasonal variability of precipitation and vegetation cycle on enhanced weathering for carbon sequestration

Risultato della ricerca: Conference contribution

Abstract

Enhanced weathering (EW) is one of the most promising technologies for sequestering atmosphericcarbon. It consists on accelerating the chemical weathering fluxes naturally occurring in soils, bymeans of the addition of silicate minerals (i.e., forsterite), used as amendments, to the soil. Ifcrushed into micrometer-sized particles, these minerals are characterized by high dissolution rates,that may be further improved under high soil water content and low pH conditions. Before actuallyapplying EW technique at the global scale for carbon sequestration, an in-depth characterization ofweathering and carbon sequestration rates, under different environmental conditions, is needed,also looking at correlated beneficial/detrimental effects. In this context, modeling approaches mayplay a pivotal role, since they allow to achieve this goal without affording costs required bylaboratory and field experiments. The present study describes the application of a dynamic massbalance model connecting ecohydrological, biogeochemical and olivine dissolution dynamics. Themodel is composed of four connected components and is solved through an explicit system of eightmass balance total differential equations and an implicit one having 22 algebraic equations.In this study, the model is applied to two sites in Italy (i.e., Sicily, in the south and the Padan plain,in the north) and two in the USA (i.e., California, in the south-west and Iowa, in the north-centralarea). The most common crops for the case studies, i.e., wheat for Sicily and California and corn forthe Padan plain and Iowa are here considered, along with the most frequent soil types, namely theclay loam for Sicily and California and the silty clay loam for the Padan plain and Iowa. Maps oflithological composition of bedrocks and spatial distributions of soil pH have been also used tocalibrate the background weathering flux, responsible of the H+ consume from all the mineralsnaturally present in the soil. Apart from deriving the most suitable locations, among thosepresented, providing the highest weathering and carbon sequestration rates, these simulations allowto assess the role of different climate, crop and soil types on EW dynamics, in perspective to find thecombination that maximizes the CO2 sequestration.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteIAHS-AISH Scientific Assembly 2022
Numero di pagine1
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2021

Cita questo