We investigated the effect of nickel doping on the electronic structure and performance of nanostructured La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8-0.03Ni0.03O3-Î´prepared by the one-pot sol-gel method. The commercial undoped La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-Î´(LSCF0.8) was used as reference. Moreover, for comparison, Ni (3 mol %) was deposited by wetness impregnation over the La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-Î´. We show by in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy at 900 Â°C under air flow that nickel enters the B perovskite site of the material and favors the stabilization of the cobalt oxidation state, as evidenced by the delay in the decrease of the average Co valence with respect to undoped samples. Our results are further supported by in situ X-ray Raman spectroscopy (XRS) that allowed us to monitor the temperature evolution of the O K-edge. XRS evidences that nickel-doped LSCF shows unmodified O2p-TM3d density of states, which proves that the Co oxidation state is preserved. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements were carried out over half-cell systems consisting of LSCF-based materials deposited onto a Ce0.8Gd0.2O2-Î´electrolyte. The improvement of the electrochemical performances of the Ni-doped La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8-0.03Ni0.03O3-Î´sample with respect to a reference Ni-impregnated LSCF is attributed to the stabilization of the TM-O6structural units, which were recently proposed as the functional units for oxygen reduction.
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films